Great sinagogue Iasi, near monument of First Jewish theatre in World, underground sinagogue, wooden sinagogue

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is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe, on the Lower Danube, within and outside the Carpathian arch, bordering on the Black Sea. Romania shares a border with Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine and Moldova to the northeast and east, and Bulgaria to the south. At 238,400 square kilometers (92,000 sq mi), Romania is the ninth largest country of the European Union by area, and has the seventh largest population of the European Union with aprox. 19 million people Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, the sixth largest city in the EU with about two million people. The Kingdom of Romania emerged when the principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia were united under Prince Alexander Ioan Cuza in 1859. Independence from the Ottoman Empire was declared on May 9, 1877, and was internationally recognized the following year. At the end of World War I, Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia united with the Kingdom of Romania. Greater Romania emerged into an era of progression and prosperity that would continue until World War II. By the end of the War, many north-eastern areas of Romania's territories were occupied by the Soviet Union, and Romania forcibly became a socialist republic and a member of the Warsaw Pact. With the fall of the Iron Curtain and the 1989 Revolution, Romania began its transition towards democracy and a capitalist market economy. After a decade of post-revolution economic problems, extensive reforms fostered economic recovery making Romania now an upper middle-income country with high human development. Romania joined NATO on March 29, 2004, the European Union on January 1, 2007 and is also a member of the Latin Union, of the Francophonie, of the OSCE, of the WTO, of the BSEC and of the United Nations. Today, Romania is a unitary semi-presidential republic, in which the executive branch consists of the President and the Government.

Currency Leu
Country code 0040
Spoken languages ​​ Romanian

It is necessary to travel with one of the two valid documents. The village forms part of the EU.


Hospital and medical facilities are sometimes poor. Some hospitals in Bucharest (the emergency Clinic Hospital, Elias, University Hospital of Bucharest and military) are equipped and treatment is generally quite accurate. For emergencies involving children are advised to contact the Grigore Alexandrescu hospital. Private structures, used mostly by foreigners, are not expensive and are generally efficient. Endemic diseases are not. There have been cases of viral meningitis in some periods of the year, while hepatitis and intestinal infections are widespread. Warnings We recommend that you take out, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. In addition, we recommend that you: -perform, after consulting a doctor, vaccination against hepatitis (A and B); -carry a stock of medicines against gastrointestinal infections; -boil water for food and drink preferably mineral water and soft drinks, bottled without addition of ice; -disinfecting fruit and vegetables.


continental climate generally dry. Very cold in the winter with temperatures up to-25ºc with snow and ice; very hot during the summer with temperatures up to 40ºc. Spring and autumn have a temperate climate.


Licence Italiana. Insurance It is simply the Italian insurance Vehicles can be imported without any special formalities temporarily if the duration of stay does not exceed 30 days. Remember those abroad help a car of his own, which is advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. Driving rules Direction of travel: a guide to the right, overtake on the left. Trams pass right. Compulsory equipment Helmets for motorcyclists: required Safety belts, child seat: it is compulsory to wear seat belts. It is forbidden to carry children less than 12 years on the front seats. Triangle: mandatory to have a red triangle aboard all vehicles with more than two wheels. Fire extinguisher: mandatory aboard private cars. First aid bag: compulsory on Board of private vehicles. Autoriflettente vest: mandatory for all vehicles to be used in case you need to exit the car needs, day and night. Lights: The main-beam headlamps must be lit day outside the conurbations. Motorcycles must use day and night with low-beam headlamps switched on. Motorway network Developing highways modernization; new traits are to be built. At the moment there are two motorways: Bucharest-Pitesti-E70: 115 km -Bucharest-Cernavoda-Constanta: 200 km (under construction). Road tax From 1° October 2010 the ' rovinieta ' has been replaced by an electronic toll system. The fee can be paid to border posts, post offices and at some service stations and agencies. 2010 rates: -1 day: free -7 days: 3 Euro -30 days: 7 Euro -90 days: 13 Euro -12 months: 28 euros. In case of lack of or insufficient payment can be applied fines from 250 to 4500 RON.

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