Santo Domingo - Castello Colombo.

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is a nation on the island of La Hispaniola, part of the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean region. The western third of the island is occupied by the nation of Haiti, making Hispaniola one of two Caribbean islands that are shared by two countries. Both by area and population, the Dominican Republic is the second largest Caribbean nation (after Cuba), with 48,442 square kilometres (18,704 sq mi) and an estimated 10 million people. Taínos inhabited what is now the Dominican Republic since the 7th century. Christopher Columbus landed on it in 1492, and it became the site of the first permanent European settlement in the Americas, namely Santo Domingo, the country's capital and Spain's first capital in the New World. Santo Domingo can boast of some of the firsts in the Americas, including the one of the oldest universities (the oldest being Colegio de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco in Mexico, the first cathedral, and castle, the latter two in the Ciudad Colonial area, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. After three centuries of Spanish rule, with French and Haitian interludes, the country became independent in 1821 under the rule of a former colonial judge who maintained the system of slavery and limited rights for the mostly mulatto and black population. The ruler, José Núñez de Cáceres, intended that the Dominican Republic be part of the nation of Gran Colombia, but he was quickly removed by the Haitian government and "Dominican" slave revolts. Victorious in the Dominican War of Independence in 1844, Dominicans experienced mostly internal strife, and also a brief return to Spanish rule, over the next 72 years. The United States occupation of 1916–1924, and a subsequent, calm and prosperous six-year period under Horacio Vásquez Lajara, were followed by the dictatorship of Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina until 1961. The civil war of 1965, the country's last, was ended by a U.S.-led intervention, and was followed by the authoritarian rule of Joaquín Balaguer, 1966–1978. Since then, the Dominican Republic has moved toward representative democracy, and has been led by Leonel Fernández for most of the time after 1996. The Dominican Republic has the second largest economy in the Caribbean and Central American region. Though long known for sugar production, the economy is now dominated by services. The country's economic progress is exemplified by its advanced telecommunication system. Nevertheless, unemployment, government corruption, and inconsistent electric service remain major Dominican problems. The country also has "marked income inequality". International migration affects the Dominican Republic greatly, as it receives and sends large flows of migrants. Haitian immigration and the integration of Dominicans of Haitian descent are major issues; the total population of Haitian origin is estimated at 800,000. A large Dominican diaspora exists, most of it in the United States, where it numbers 1.3 million. They aid national development as they send billions of dollars to their families, accounting for one-tenth of the Dominican GDP. The Dominican Republic has become the Caribbean's largest tourist destination; the country's year-round golf courses are among the top attractions. In this mountainous land is located the Caribbean's highest mountain, Pico Duarte, as is Lake Enriquillo, the Caribbean's largest lake and lowest elevation. Quisqueya, as Dominicans often call their country, has an average temperature of 26 °C (78.8 °F) and great biological diversity. Music and sport are of the highest importance in Dominican culture, with merengue as the national dance and song and baseball the favorite sport.

Capital SANTO DOMINGO
Currency Peso dominicano (DOP)
Country code 001809, 001829, 001849
Spoken languages ​​ Spanish, English
Passport

the passport must be valid at least six months from the date of entry into the country. Has recently published a new regulation of migration, you should inquire in advance at the Embassy or Consulate of the Dominican Republic in Italy (www.serex.gov.do) or from your travel agent.

Health

Public health structures, even if unpaid, are to be avoided for the considerable health and sanitation. Private clinics offer a degree of reliability that varies depending on the level of the clinics themselves. The costs are high, comparable to those of u.s. clinics. I found the most common medicines. The dengue is present in endemic in Dominican Republic. According to official figures the city most affected are Santo Domingo and Santiago, as well as some regions such as San Francisco de Macoris, Higuey and Barahona. The phenomenon is unfortunately steadily increasing. WARNINGS We recommend that you: -take the normal precautions of hygiene for use in these climates, where the water is not potable and raw vegetables are not always are disinfected before being served; -pay particular attention to the State of preservation of food; -adopt the departure of medicines needed for specific pathologies and mosquito repellents and other insects. We recommend that you take out before embarking on the trip, an adequate health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country.

Telephony

work only trial-band phones

Climate

hot wet tropical. Alternate basically two seasons: a dry relatively which runs from November to April (approximately 80%) relative humidity and a rainy season that runs from May to October (approximately 80%) relative humidity. Average summer temperature: 30°; Winter average: 25°. The thermal excursion is minimal. Hurricane season focuses mainly from June to November. During this period the country adopts precautionary measures especially in the surrounding rivers.

Viability

Licence: Italian Mandatory equipment: Helmet for motorcyclists-seatbelt for those sitting on the front seat-spare wheel and Jack. Children less than 8 years cannot sit on front seats BAC: max. 0.05% Getting around: there is no direct scheduled flight between Italy and the Dominican Republic. The flight lasts over 15 hours with a stopover in Paris or Madrid. There are direct charter flights from Milan Malpensa, Rome and Bologna.

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