Democratic Republic of the Congo

       
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is a country located in Central Africa. It is the second largest country in Africa by area and the eleventh largest in the world. With a population of over 71 million, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the nineteenth most populous nation in the world, the fourth most populous nation in Africa, as well as the most populous officially Francophone country. It borders the Central African Republic and South Sudan to the north; Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi in the east; Zambia and Angola to the south; the Republic of the Congo, the Angolan exclave of Cabinda, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west; and is separated from Tanzania by Lake Tanganyika in the east. The country has access to the ocean through a 40-kilometre (25 mi) stretch of Atlantic coastline at Muanda and the roughly 9 km wide mouth of the Congo River which opens into the Gulf of Guinea. The Second Congo War, beginning in 1998, devastated the country and is sometimes referred to as the "African world war" because it involved nine African nations and some twenty armed groups. Despite the signing of peace accords in 2003, fighting continues in the east of the country. In eastern Congo, the prevalence of rape and other sexual violence is described as the worst in the world. The war is the world's deadliest conflict since World War II, killing 5.4 million people since 1998. The vast majority died from conditions of malaria, diarrhea, pneumonia and malnutrition. The Democratic Republic of the Congo was formerly, in chronological order, the Congo Free State, Belgian Congo, Congo-Léopoldville, Congo-Kinshasa, and Zaire (Zaïre in French). These former names are sometimes referred to as unofficial names, with the exception of Mobutu's discredited Zaire, along with various abbreviations such as Congo, Congo-Kinshasa, DR Congo and DRC. Though it is located in the Central African UN subregion, the nation is also economically and regionally affiliated with Southern Africa as a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC).

Capital KINSHASA
Currency Franco Congolese (FC)
Country code 00243
Spoken languages ​​ French and local dialects
Passport

necessary, valid. For any changes to this rule you should inquire in advance at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

The Interior of the country and the capital Kinshasa, particularly in the rainy season, and slums are unhealthy and high health risk for malaria and other diseases typical of the tropical belt. In the past there have been some cases of Marburg fever in the province of lower Congo bordering Angola as well as some tens of cases of Ebola and sanitary districts of Shigella in the Mweka and Luebo's province of West Kasai. In December 2010 there was an outbreak of polio that affected adults. Are periodic epidemics of cholera, due to poor health and hygiene situation. HIV/Aids is widespread and the percentage of people living with HIV is extremely high. It is recommended to conclude, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. Warnings We recommend that you: -drink only water filtered and disinfected without adding ice; -to carefully sanitize fruits and vegetables; -After consulting physician, and for long periods of time, vaccination against hepatitis A and B, diphtheria, tetanus, polio, pneumococcal disease; -consult your ASL and follow anti-malarial drugs in case of short-term stays.

Climate

Hot, humid, tropical climate all year round with temperatures ranging between 26° and 34°.

Viability

Licence International driving licence (model 1949 Geneva Convention or Vienna 1968). Car insurance: mandatory against third parties. Documents for temporary importation Recommended the "carnet customs passage" for vehicles imported temporarily. Transport in General Public transport is provided by a system of buses, minibuses and private vehicles that strongly use is not recommended in order not to find themselves in situations that are harmful to their safety (thefts and robberies are frequent). Traffic is chaotic, therefore we recommend to hire a car with driver at the main hotel. Airlines are the following: the SN Brussels, Sabena, Air France, Ethiopian Airlines linking the town via Addis Ababa with Rome; South African Airways which connects Johannesburg with Milan street; the Air Gabon that connects via Libreville with Rome; the Cameroon Airlines linking the country with Douala/Yaoundé (Cameroon), with Nairobi, Kenya Airways and Royal Air Maroc.

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Languages: English - Italiano

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