Central African Republic

       
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is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It borders Chad in the north, Sudan in the northeast, South Sudan in the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Congo in the south, and Cameroon in the west. The CAR covers a land area of about 240,000 square miles (620,000 km2), and has an estimated population of about 4.4 million as of 2008. Bangui is the capital city. Most of the CAR consists of Sudano-Guinean savannas but it also includes a Sahelo-Sudanian zone in the north and an equatorial forest zone in the south. Two thirds of the country lies in the basins of the Ubangi River, which flows south into the Congo River, while the remaining third lies in the basin of the Chari River, which flows north into Lake Chad. Since most of the territory is located in the Ubangi and Shari river basins, France called the colony it carved out in this region Ubangi-Chari, or Oubangui-Chari in French. It became a semi-autonomous territory of the French Community in 1958 and then an independent nation on 13 August 1960. For over three decades after independence, the CAR was ruled by presidents who either were not freely elected or took power by force. Local discontent with this system was eventually reinforced by international pressure, following the end of the Cold War. The first multi-party democratic elections were held in 1993 with resources provided by the country's donors and help from the UN Office for Electoral Affairs, and brought Ange-Félix Patassé to power. He lost popular support during his presidency and was overthrown in 2003 by French-backed General François Bozizé, who went on to win a democratic election in May 2005. Inability to pay workers in the public sector led to strikes in 2007, forcing the resignation of Bozizé in early 2008. A new Prime Minister, Faustin-Archange Touadéra, was named on 22 January 2008. Despite its significant mineral resources: uranium reserve in Bakouma, crude oil, gold, diamonds, lumber, hydropower and its arable land, the Central African Republic remains one of the poorest countries in the world and among the ten poorest countries in Africa. The Human Development Index for the Central African Republic is 0.343, which gives the country a rank of 179 out of 187 countries with data.

Capital BANGUI
Currency Franco CFA
Country code 00236
Spoken languages ​​ French, sango
Passport

necessary. For any changes to this rule, we recommend that you inquire beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Hospitals in the capital Bangui, have structures obsolete and are poorly equipped; in other urban centres and in rural hospitals are almost nonexistent and inadequate compliance with European standards. There is also a lack of availability of basic drugs. We recommend that you carry a stock of medicines for emergencies and for specific pathologies which are both suffering. The Pasteur Institute provides a good service of clinical analyses. We do not, in any case, to undergo surgery on the spot. We recommend that you take out before undertaking the journey, providing health insurance in addition to coverage of medical expenses, even if air emergency medical repatriation or transfer in any other country. The country is classified as zone 3 high-risk malarial. You should, after consulting a doctor, an anti-malarial. The rate of HIV-positive serum is officially of 18%. In the past there have been cases of yellow fever in the country. Recommended vaccinations, medical opinion: the travellers receive typhoid, hepatitis A and b. Warnings We recommend extreme caution in feeding: • avoid raw food, untreated, vegetables • drink bottled mineral water without addition of ice.

Telephony

for the cellular network, there are two operators, with coverage at the moment limited to major urban centers of the country.

Climate

Tropical climate with high humidity and heavy rainfall. There are two rainy seasons, one from May to June and from October to November. Bangui: annual average temperature 25°, humidity 77%, 1554 mm annual precipitation. Bouar: average yearly temperature 24.1° c, relative humidity 68%, 1572 mm annual precipitation. The January average, average of 26.6° July 33.3°. 850 mm annual precipitation, rainy days 68.

Viability

Licence International (Geneva Convention 1949 model or Vienna 1968). Documents for import temporaea It required the carnet customs passage for vehicles imported temporarily. Transportation: the three main roads that depart from Bangui are paved for only 100 km, while the rest of the road is in poor condition, especially in the rainy season. It is therefore necessary to use off-road 4 x 4 cars. There are collective transport (minibuses, taxis of forest) linking the various locations of the country but it will be necessary to ensure that these vehicles satisfy the safety standards. We do not recommend, however, to travel at night. Ports: Bangui (River). International Airports: Bangui. International flights are departing from Bangui by the following companies: "Air France" (a Sunday), "Toumai Air Chad (4 weekly flights to Cotonou and Douala, N'djamena). Were recently opened air links "Kenya Airways (Nairobi and Douala) and the" Royal Air Maroc (Casablanca) ". We recommend extreme caution in making flights with small private air taxi companies, generally lacking in maintenance and, for the most part, are not equipped for night flights. Fuels: there may be fuel supply difficulties, so we recommend that you do the necessary basis for internal displacements.

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