Czech Republic

       
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Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The country is bordered by Germany to the west, Poland to the north, Austria to the south and Slovakia to the east. Its capital and largest city, with 1.3 million inhabitants, is Prague. It is a pluralist multi-party parliamentary representative democracy, a member of the European Union, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the Council of Europe and the Visegrád Group. The Czech state, formerly known as Bohemia, was formed in the late 9th century as a small duchy around Prague, at that time under dominance of the powerful Great Moravian Empire (which reached its greatest territorial extent during the reign of Svatopluk I from the House of Mojmír). After the fall of the Empire in 907, the centre of power was transferred from Moravia to Bohemia, under the Přemyslids. During the rule of Přemyslid dukes/kings and their successors, the Luxembourgs, the country reached its greatest territorial extent (13th–14th century). Life in the country was significantly affected by the Hussite wars, during which it faced economic embargo and crusades from all over Europe. Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, the Crown of Bohemia was gradually integrated into the Habsburg monarchy as one of its three principal parts alongside the Archduchy of Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary. The Bohemian Revolt (1618–20) led to the further centralization of the monarchy including forced recatholization and Germanization. During radical reforms in the 18th century the Bohemian Crown was even de facto abolished (1749). In the 19th century the Czech lands became the industrial powerhouse of the monarchy and the core of the Republic of Czechoslovakia which was formed in 1918, following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian empire after World War I. After the Munich Agreement, Polish annexation of Zaolzie and German occupation of Czechoslovakia and the consequent disillusion with the Western response and gratitude for the liberation of the major portion of Czechoslovakia by the Red Army, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia won the majority in the 1946 elections. In a 1948 coup d'état, Czechoslovakia became a communist-ruled state. In 1968, the increasing dissatisfaction culminated in attempts to reform the communist regime. The events, known as the Prague Spring of 1968, ended with an invasion by the armies of the Warsaw Pact countries (with the exception of Romania); the troops remained in the country until the 1989 Velvet Revolution, when the communist regime collapsed. On 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia peacefully dissolved into its constituent states, the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic. The Czech Republic is the first former member of the Comecon to achieve the status of a developed country according to the World Bank. In addition, the country has the highest human development in Central and Eastern Europe, ranking as a "Very High Human Development" nation. It is also ranked as the third most peaceful country in Europe and most democratic and healthy (by infant mortality) country in the region.
Capital PRAGUE
Currency Corona ceca (Kc)
Country code 00420
Spoken languages ​​ Czech
Passport

It is necessary to travel with one of the two valid documents. The village forms part of the EU. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent. With the country's entry into the Schengen area have been eliminated controls at borders and airports.

Health

The level of sanitation is generally acceptable. There are also private structures of highest level, comparable to those of other European countries. Italian citizens who travel temporarily (for tourism, business, study or work) in the country (Member State of the European Union) can receive necessary medical care provided by local public health care if they have the European health insurance card (TEAM) that health card. For more information you should consult your own SLA or the website of the Ministry of health. Otherwise, hospitals may require in advance or patient's resignation, the payment of medical expenses. Generally the rates applied to foreigners are significantly higher than those applied to Czech citizens residents. It is advisable to obtain a private health insurance that includes in addition to cover any medical expenses also repatriation or transfer of the patient to another country. You should also be careful in urban parks and rural areas, as-with the arrival of warm-season-have registered numerous cases of encephalitis from tick bites. The Czech Republic has been affected in the past by cases of bird flu. Local health authorities had confirmed, in July 2007, the presence of avian influenza (H5N1) in a Turkey-farming Pardubice region (Eastern Bohemia) and two farms little distant (Netřebice and Kosořín), adopting control measures and prevention. I haven't been recorded human cases infected by avian influenza. It is recommended however to take ordinary precautions in the consumption of poultry meat and eggs and poultry (e.g. make sure they are well cooked). For further instructions please see the brochure "avian influenza: risks, preventive measures and information" on the home page of this site.

Climate

The winter average temperature is-1° C, the summer + 19 C°. The average annual temperature is 9° C.

Viability

Italian: licence (for a maximum of 90 days). A visitor must have at least 15 years old to drive a moped and must have a licence although this is not required in the country of origin. You must have a minimum 17 years to conduct a motorcycle with more than 50 cm3 and at least 18 years to conduct a private vehicle or a truck. Car insurance: the insurance certificate of an Italian visitor is valid in the Czech Republic. Delegation to conduct: Please remember to drive a car abroad does not own that it is advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. All vehicles must have the badge of the country of origin. In the case of rental vehicles, the driver must have a letter of permission from the rental company. A vehicle temporarily imported cannot be used by a relative or a friend of the owner provided that they do not reside in the Czech Republic. Motorways: for most of the highways, you will need the special "vignette" toll with validity of 10 days, 1 month, 1 year. Motorcycles are exempt. An electronic tolling system is applied to vehicles over 3.5 tonnes. The current price is: cartoons -for one year (with 14 months-e.g. the vignette is valid from December 1, 2011 2012 to January 31, 2013): 1500 CZK -for 1 month: 440 CZK -for 10 consecutive days: 310 CZK The registration number of the vehicle and the period of validity shall be clearly indicated on the sticker. You must remove all expired cartoons. Each sticker is composed of two parts, one of which must be attached to the windscreen at the bottom right and the other should be kept and presented to the police upon request. The cartoons are on sale at the borders, in post offices, petrol stations and at all regional offices of the UAMK (local Automobile Club). Failure to purchase it can result in a fine of up to 15,000 kroons. More information at the link www.motorway.cz Also frequent fines for pedestrians who do not respect the highway code (e.g. crossing with traffic lights red, albeit on crosswalks). Driving rules Helmets for motorcyclists: required. Safety belts: you must fasten both the front and the rear. Child policy: children weighing less than 36 kg and less than 150 cm tall must be protected by a security system suited to their size. Lights: From July 1, 2006 is mandatory for all motor vehicles to keep the lights on low beam, always and everywhere. First-aid box: it is mandatory within the vehicle. Winter gear (snow tires or chains): is required from 1 November to 30 April on some roads. The relevant section is marked by a sign. The use of snow chains is permitted only in case the snow layer is sufficient to protect the road surface. It is prohibited the use of spiked tyres, including vehicles from abroad. Autoriflettente jacket on board any vehicle. BAC: it is prohibited to drink either before or while driving. No tolerance is not permitted to BAC in the blood. It is mandatory to submit to testing blood alcohol content if required. As A result of the test may be required also a blood collection. Transport In Prague, there are 3 different metro lines (green line A, line B, red line C) operating daily from 5.00 to 24.00. Streetcars are in daytime service from 4.30 to 24.00 hours, nighttime lines from 24.00 to 4.30. The timetables are displayed at each stop. The fare of a ticket (with the possibility to change the Middle within the time duration of the ticket) costs approx. 20 Crowns and has a duration of 75 minutes on weekdays and 90 on public holidays. Are also sold "tour tickets" (for 1 or 3 days), weekly and fortnightly. Checks on public transport can be made by plainclothes personnel inside the cars and underground spaces. In case the passenger has no regular ticket, the controller can elevate a contravention and to charge it on the spot.

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