Masjid al-Haram

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 is the largest state in Western Asia by land area, constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula, and the second-largest in the Arab world, after Algeria. It is bordered by Jordan, and Iraq on the north and northeast, Kuwait, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates on the east, Oman on the southeast, and Yemen on the south.The Red Sea lies to its west, and the Persian Gulf lies to the northeast. Saudi Arabia has an area of approximately 2,149,690 km2 (830,000 sq mi), and it has an estimated population of 27 million, of which 8.8 million are registered foreign expatriates and an estimated 1.5 million are illegal immigrants. Saudi nationals comprise an estimated 16 million people. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was founded by Abdul-Aziz bin Saud (known for most of his career as Ibn Saud) in 1932, although the conquests which eventually led to the creation of the Kingdom began in 1902 when he captured Riyadh, the ancestral home of his family, the House of Saud, referred to in Arabic as the Al Saud. The Saudi Arabian government, which has been an absolute monarchy since its inception, refers to its system of government as being Islamic, though this is contested by many due to its strong basis in Salafism, a minority school of thought in Islam. The kingdom is sometimes called "The Land of the Two Holy Mosques" in reference to Al-Masjid al-Haram (in Mecca), and Al-Masjid al-Nabawi (in Medina), the two holiest places in Islam. Saudi Arabia has the world's second largest oil reserves and is the world's second largest oil exporter. Oil accounts for more than 90% of exports and nearly 75% of government revenues, facilitating the creation of a welfare state.[dubious – discuss] However, human rights groups such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have repeatedly expressed concern about the state of human rights in Saudi Arabia.

Capital RIYADH
Currency Ryal saudita
Country code 00966
Spoken languages ​​

Arabic, English

Passport

NECESSARY DOCUMENTATION TO ENTER THE COUNTRY Passport: needed, with a remaining validity of at least six months after the date of departure. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Saudi Embassy in Italy or at your travel agent. Travel abroad of minors: Please check the Focus: "before leaving/documents for travel abroad of minors" on the home page of this site. Visa: the diplomatic-consular network releases Saudi visa for business, family in tow, transit or pilgrimage (Hajj or Umrah). Entrance visas are not issued at the airport or at customs. The validity of visas for business goes from one to six months. Tourist visas that were issued only for collective trips "group tours" are pre-approved for the time being suspended indefinitely. Transit visas are issued to passengers wishing to continue the journey with a flight within 12 hours without leaving the airport or do other stage in the country. Both the tourist visas that are valid for transit are a single input (and output) from the country. All foreigners must obtain a visa to enter the country except: -citizens of the countries of the cooperation Council of the Gulf countries (the Kingdom of Bahrain, State of Qatar, the Sultanate of Oman, the State of Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates); -resident holders of exit visas/re-entry. Visas are granted only upon request by a Saudi sponsor (sponsor). The Embassy of Italy and the General Consulate of Italy in Jeddah cannot sponsor private citizens to obtain the visa. To leave Saudi Arabia residents must have exit visa or exit/re-entry. It is not required to travellers is temporary and affixed to the sponsor's permission. It is recommended that you carefully check the expiry of visa affixed on the Passport. An indication of the maturity in Arabic numerals and in accordance with the Islamic calendar lends itself to error. Failing to comply with the visa expiration date determines the impossibility of leaving the Saudi territory, if not after paying a heavy fine and received its approval of the Saudi Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Italian wife of a Saudi citizen, adult daughters of Saudi father and Italian father children, before the age of 21 years, can leave the country only if authorized by the father or by a family member is entitled to this. In special cases, the Embassy of Italy can intervene with the Saudi Government to facilitate the repatriation of an Italian town, but can't get the permit repatriation of minors without the consent of the father. Dual citizenship Saudi authorities do not recognize dual citizenship and normally withdraw the Passport Italian nationals who obtain Saudi nationality. This does not involve the loss of Italian citizenship, and our consular offices shall normally be for the issue of a new passport to countrymen and the issue of a Schengen visa on the Passport long Saudi. Labour relations The contract of employment specifies working hours daily, weekly working days, holidays, official holidays and regular. Often the passports of residents, workers in the country, are preserved by the sponsor during the stay; the employee has for the purposes of its recognition of the residence permit (Iqama). The worker cannot leave the country without the consent of its sponsor who must in order to return the passport and take the exit visa or exit/re-entry. Italian consular offices assist workers in case of difficulty in leaving the country, without prejudice to the contractual obligations they may have signed. CURRENCY AND CUSTOMS FORMALITIES Saudi customs authorities maintain strict control on imports in the country prohibited articles such as alcoholic beverages, firearms, pork and other articles regarded as contrary to the principles of Islam, including the pornographic material. Postal and customs authority is very strict in the application of this principle and considers pornography even the normal Western publications (weekly, etc.) or commercial catalogs. This material can be confiscated and the traveler may be fined for possession. The Saudi banking and financial system is to the West. The Saudi royal is the national currency, divided into 100 halalas and is convertible into foreign currency.

Health

Hospital and medical facilities are Saudi to Western ones. There are numerous private hospitals charge for foreigners. Therefore, we recommend that you take out an insurance policy that provides adequate international in addition to medical expenses even if the deportation or transfer of sick air in other country. There are no compulsory vaccinations. However, on the occasion of the pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj), Saudi Arabian health authorities require to those coming from countries concerned by cases of yellow fever and polio to locate an international certificate of vaccination against these diseases. Also children under 15 years from countries where the polio virus is transmissible still must produce a certificate of vaccination against polio. Travelers coming from any country are required to make prior vaccination against seasonal flu and meningitis, and, if available, will be universally against influenza A (H1N1). Vaccinations against influenza should take place at least two weeks prior to entering the country. You should, after consulting a doctor, to carry out the vaccination against viral hepatitis. Malaria is a disease endemic in the Plains southwest of the Kingdom, particularly in the region of Jizan, which extends to rural areas around Jeddah.

Information

Saudi Automobile and Touring Association Al Akariah Bulding, 4th floor Olayah Street Riyadh P.O.Box 51880 RIYADH 11553 tel. (+966 1) 419 19 51 Fax (+966 1) 419 05 77 e-mail: gm@sata-sa.com vai al sito SAUDIA AIRLINES Roma: Tel. 06 650 10 904, Fax: 06 650 10 643, Prenotazioni: 06 420 30460 Milano: 02 670 77 086 / 7 / 8

Climate

The climate of the coast of Red Sea (Jeddah) is sub-Equatorial: summers are hot and humid, and winters are mild, with light rains between November and February. Central region (Riyadh), in summer, the temperature can exceed 50 degrees Celsius; winters are short, dry and cold. The eastern region (Dammam, Al Khobar, Al Jubail) has a high humidity and a mild climate that lasts all year round, with temperatures exceeding 40 degrees C warmer periods of the year.

Viability

Licence And International driving license is required (model 1949 Geneva Convention or Vienna 1968). Otherwise an Arab driving licence may be issued to Italian citizens as a result of the request of the sponsor. The driving test is done in simplified form if he holds a valid licence within the national territory. Car insurance RCA obtainable in temporary border for validity min. 1 month. Driving rules Women cannot drive. Links The road network and facilities are good in Saudi Arabia. The network connecting the main towns is to the West. The Kingdom is linked via road network with neighbouring countries. There are regular bus connections that are generally used by many Asian workers residing in the town. Out from the main metropolitan centers, based on the signage that is predominantly in the Arabic language. I recently introduced measures stete (speed cameras) to control the speed in the Centre of Riyadh with high penalties for violators. Accidents are extremely common. In the event of an accident the cars must not be moved until the arrival of the police authorities. All the parties involved, if admitted, are normally brought to the police station to determine responsibility for the accident and provide for the payment of damages. Often the parties are also detained detained for 24-48 hours even if innocent. Consular offices rarely manage to prevent the State of fermo; therefore recommend to fellow countrymen to request police authorities to take immediate contact with the same consular offices and with its sponsor (Sponsor). International Airports King Khalid international airport is located 35 kilometres north of the capital Riyadh, Dhahran international airport is 13 km southwest of Dhahran in Eastern Province while the King Abdul Aziz International Airport is located 18 kilometers north of Jeddah. Airports are all fitted with bus, taxi services, currency exchange, banks, restaurants, car rental and tourist information.

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