Portugal

       
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is a country situated in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Portugal is the westernmost country of Europe, and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the West and South and by Spain to the North and East. The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira are part of Portugal. The country is named after its second largest city, Porto, whose Latin name was Portus Cale. The land within the borders of today's Portuguese Republic has been continuously settled since prehistoric times: occupied by Celts like the Gallaeci and the Lusitanians, integrated into the Roman Republic and later settled by Germanic peoples such as the Suebi, Swabians, Vandals and the Visigoths. In the 8th century most of the Iberian Peninsula was conquered by Moorish invaders professing Islam, which were later expelled by the Knights Templar under the Order of Christ. During the Christian Reconquista, Portugal established itself as an independent kingdom from León in 1139, claiming to be the oldest European nation-state. In the 15th and 16th centuries, as the result of pioneering the Age of Discovery, Portugal expanded western influence and established a global empire that included possessions in Africa, Asia, Oceania, and South America, becoming the world's major economic, political and military global power. The Portuguese Empire was the first global empire in history, and also the longest lived of the European colonial empires, spanning almost 600 years, from the capture of Ceuta in 1415, to the handover of Macau to China in 1999. However, the country's international status was greatly reduced during the 19th century, especially following the independence of Brazil, its largest colony. After the 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic was established being then superseded by the "Estado Novo" authoritarian regime. Democracy was restored after the Portuguese Colonial War and the Carnation Revolution in 1974, after which Portugal's last overseas provinces became independent (most prominently Angola and Mozambique); the last overseas territory, Macau, was ceded to China in 1999. Portugal is a developed country with a very high Human Development Index, the world's 19th-highest quality-of-life, and a strong healthcare system. Portugal is one of the world's most globalized and peaceful nations: a member of the European Union and the United Nations, and a founding member of the Latin Union, the Organization of Ibero-American States, OECD, NATO, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Eurozone and the Schengen Agreement.

Capital LISBONA
Currency euro
Country code 00351
Spoken languages ​​ portuguese
Passport

It is necessary to travel with one of the two valid documents. The village forms part of the EU and shall accede to the Schengen Agreement. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Good throughout the country. Italian citizens who travel temporarily for tourism, business, study or work at home can receive necessary medical care provided by local public health care, if in possession of a European health insurance card (TEAM) that health card. The TEAM replaces the previous models E110, E111, E128 and E119. Those who had not yet been received to its ASL can contact and ask for the "provisional replacement certificate". For more information, please consult the website of the Ministry of health. We recommend, however, to conclude, before embarking on your trip, health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical expenses, even the eventual repatriation medical aircraft or transfer in any other country.

Climate

Similar to that of southern Italy but with a higher frequency of rainfall in autumn and in winter.

Viability

Driving Licence: Italiana. Car insurance The Italian insurance is also valid in Portugal. Remember those driving abroad, a car that is not advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner, with signature notarized by the notary public. Driving rules Helmets for motorcyclists: the driver and passenger of a two-wheel motor vehicle must wear a protective helmet. A child less than 7 years cannot travel on a motorcycle. Safety belts, child seat: the use of seat belts is compulsory for all passengers. Children less than 12 years and stature of less than 1.5 m should travel on rear seats with a restraint system approved and adapted to their size; a child less than 3 years may travel in the front seat as long as it is placed in a child facing inwards and the airbag is disabled. Lighthouses: the use of dipped headlights is compulsory for motor cycles of day and night. Safety vest: the driver of a vehicle registered in Portugal must wear a waistcoat-reflectorized band descends from the vehicle when immobilized on the roadway or on the roadside and in all cases where you need to use the triangle. The vest is not required on board vehicles with foreign license plates. BAC Limit allowed: 0.05%. The test can be performed on alcolimetrico drivers taken at random and on drivers and pedestrians following an accident. The drivers who refuse to submit to the test alcolimetrico needs to undergo a blood test: If the test is positive the police prohibit the Guide for 12 hours unless you fail a second test. Motorway network Motorways are subject to charges. The toll is to be paid in cash or by credit card.

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