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is a country in Central Europe, bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north. The total area of Poland is 312,679 square kilometres (120,726 sq mi), making it the 69th largest country in the world and the 9th largest in Europe. Poland has a population of over 38 million people, which makes it the 34th most populous country in the world and the sixth most populous member of the European Union, being its most populous post-communist member. Poland is a unitary state made up of 16 voivodeships. Poland is a member of the European Union, NATO, the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), European Economic Area, International Energy Agency, Council of Europe, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, International Atomic Energy Agency and G6. The establishment of a Polish state is often identified with the adoption of Christianity by its ruler Mieszko I in 966, over the territory similar to that of present-day Poland. The Kingdom of Poland was formed in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a long association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin, forming the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth ceased to exist in 1795 as the Polish lands were partitioned among the Kingdom of Prussia, the Russian Empire, and Austria. Poland regained its independence as the Second Polish Republic in 1918. Two decades later, in September 1939, World War II started with the Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union invasion of Poland. Over six million Polish citizens died in the war. Poland reemerged several years later within the Soviet sphere of influence as the People's Republic in existence until 1989. During the Revolutions of 1989, 45-year long communist rule was overthrown and the democratic rule was re-established. That gave foundations to modern Poland, constitutionally known as the "Third Polish Republic". Despite the vast destruction the country experienced in World War II, Poland managed to preserve much of its cultural wealth. There are currently 14 heritage sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list in Poland. Since the end of the communist period, Poland has achieved a "very high" ranking in terms of human development.

Capital VARSAVIA
Currency Zloty
Country code 0048
Spoken languages ​​ Polish
Passport

It is necessary to travel with one of the two valid documents to provide in the event of a request from local authorities. The village forms part of the EU. Holders of a valid identity card needed for border crossing upgraded we suggest you consult the section "FOCUS" on the home page of this site. If you want to stay in Poland for more than 90 days, you must register the stay at the Office of the Voivode (Prefectural Office of Poland on regional structure), verifying that the documents (passport or a valid identity card needed for border crossing) are valid for the entire period of stay. With the country's entry into the Schengen area have been eliminated controls at land borders, ports and airports with the EU countries.

Health

Local health structures are acceptable and good turns out to be the preparation of medical staff. There are several clinics in Warsaw and private clinics (some of which are affiliated with international health insurance) with English-speaking staff. The sanitation situation is at a good level. However, we recommend that you drink bottled water because tap water provided by public network might not be drinking at all. During the summer months is recommended-if you make walks in the wooded areas-pay attention to any tick bites. Have been reported with some frequency in cases of infectious diseases caused by similar bites. Italian citizens who travel temporarily (for tourism, business, study or work) in the country (Member State of the European Union) can receive necessary medical care provided by local public health care if they have the European health insurance card (TEAM), or health card. The TEAM replaces the previous models E110, E111, E128 and E119 and is being distributed by the Ministry of economy and finance. Those who had not yet been received to its ASL can contact and ask for the "provisional replacement certificate". We recommend, however, to conclude, before embarking on your trip, health insurance, to include, in addition to medical expenses, even the eventual repatriation medical air or transfer in another country. For emergency repatriation, Lot airlines and Alitalia are not generally equipped to return aircraft to sick on a stretcher because they use on the routes between Poland and Italy, a small aircraft carrying capacity. There are, however, possibility of connecting via Frankfurt, Munich, Vienna and Zurich.

Climate

The climate is continental with short summer hot enough and very cold winter (from mid-October to mid-April) with minimal tips around -20°

Viability

Driving Licence: Italiana. Car insurance The liability insurance is mandatory for all vehicles with a cylinder capacity exceeding 50 cm³ registered in Poland or abroad. The Italian insurance is valid in Poland. Vehicles temporarily imported without customs documents A vehicle may be temporarily imported into Poland for a maximum duration of 6 months for each period of 1 year. Delegation to conduct Remember those driving abroad, a car that is not advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. Driving rules Compulsory equipment Helmets for motorcyclists: required. Safety belts: the use is mandatory for the driver and passenger front seats for any circulating vehicle. The use of seat belts in the rear seats is required for vehicles which are equipped. Children: one child under the age of 12 years and under 150 cm height must be secured with a seatbelt adapted to its size or placed in a special seat or other approved retention system. Lights: In case of poor visibility in fog or rain it must be circular with the lights low beam headlights and/or fog lamp lit and give small acoustic signals during overtaking. At night the fog lights are allowed on winding roads. Cars and mopeds must circulate with the lights low beam or daytime running lamps lit both day and night throughout the year both in the city and outside of built-up areas. Triangle: required BAC Legal limit: The maximum rate for a driver's blood alcohol content is 0.02%. A driver whose blood contains between 0.02% and 0.05% is punishable by fines of up to 5000 PLN and of having to suspend the driver's license for up to 3 years. If contains a percentage greater than 0.05% of the fine is determined by a court, suspension of driver's license for up to 10 years imprisonment up to 2 years. Test: the police can require anyone driving a vehicle to submit to breath tests. The test of blood alcohol is still required in the event of an accident that caused injury or as a result of serious infringements. Attention: in Poland the driving while intoxicated (a can of beer is enough to reach the maximum allowed) is a criminal offence. As such is sanctioned with the immediate withdrawal of the licence, the police catch up to 48 hours, resulting in investigations and judicial proceedings: the Court may sanction the withdrawal penalty even for a year, depending on the severity of the breach of law found. Fines and other penalties On the spot fines A police officer may impose and collect a fine for infringement of the highway code. The amount varies from 50 to 500 PLN, depends on the infringement committed. The police is authorised to demand payment in cash of a fine foreign motorists. In this case it is good to get your receipt. Chains for snow Snow chains can be used only if the road is covered with snow. Motorway tolls Some motorways are toll fee, you can pay in local currency, euros or dollars or by credit card. The transit of heavy goods vehicles In order to pass on some Polish national roads is required the payment of a toll, in the case of vehicles which have a weight of more than 3.5 t and buses. In the course of 2011 was introduced the new toll system, called Via-TOLL. The Road-TOLL operates with a wireless system and communicates with installed on road network structures with small antennas that can receive information from each vehicle in transit, on which it is calculated toll due. More information can be found directly on the website of the Ministry of transport and maritime economy Structures, Polish to the following address: www.gddkia.gov.pl/en/, in English. For the retrieval of Via-TOLL, its registration and tariffs applied, you can consult the site http://www.viatoll.pl/en/heavy-vehicles/news, which is the Ministry of transport and in English. It should be noted that the non-TOLL Road system is used on certain motorway sections, operated by private companies. Transport in General The urban public transport network both on rubber rail is quite extensive and good. The subway network is limited (a single line in Warsaw; currently under construction the second). The best intercity rail connections that are made using relatively fast and modern media. Most wanted is the non-urban roads: few motorways and highways are sometimes unsafe due to road surface uneven and especially in winter for the snow forts

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Gdansk (Danzica) - Polska (Polonia)
Gdańsk, Poland - May 2012 (1080 HD)
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