Piazza San Martin Lima Perù

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Peru is a country in western South America. It is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the southeast by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peruvian territory was home to ancient cultures, spanning from the Norte Chico civilization, one of the oldest in the world, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a Viceroyalty, which included most of its South American colonies. After achieving independence in 1821, Peru has undergone periods of political unrest and fiscal crisis as well as periods of stability and economic upswing. Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions. Its geography varies from the arid plains of the Pacific coast to the peaks of the Andes Mountains and the tropical forests of the Amazon Basin. It is a developing country with a high Human Development Index score and a poverty level around 31%. Its main economic activities include agriculture, fishing, mining, and manufacturing of products such as textiles. The Peruvian population, estimated at 29.5 million, is multiethnic, including Amerindians, Europeans, Africans, and Asians. The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua or other native languages. This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.
Capital LIMA
Currency Nuevo Sol (PEN)
Country code 0051
Spoken languages ​​ spanish
Passport

necessary, with residual validity of at least six months upon arrival in the country. Border authorities may ask you to present your passport and round-trip ticket. For any changes to this rule, we recommend that you inquire beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

The public hospitals (including emergency) are generally lacking both for personnel and for the presence of modern efficient equipment. Clinics and health centers are private, on the contrary, a good level of medical equipment and specialized personnel. The costs are very high, however. We recommend that you take out before embarking on the trip, an adequate health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. Recommended after medical opinion, the following vaccinations: yellow fever, hepatitis A and B type (endemic to Andean-Amazonian regions). The availability of drugs is good, even if you register, despite the efforts of local authorities ' repression, some uncontrolled dissemination of adulterated drugs market and falsified. Warnings The sanitation of the country require you to take precautions to avoid intestinal disorders and diseases such as hepatitis, dysentery, typhoid. Occur with frequency outbreaks of cholera in summer (January-March), particularly in the outlying areas of the city, where the hygienic conditions are very precarious. We recommend that you: -drink only bottled water or boiled, filtered or chemically treated; -eat only raw vegetables and fish in restaurants excellent. Please note that hiking in the Andean area (Lake Titicaca (4,000 m s.l.m.), Cuzco (3,200 m s.l.m.), Machu Picchu (2,800 m s.l.m.), Huaraz (3,200 m s.l.m.), could lead to problems for some people due to the altitude and require the administration of oxygen.

Climate

Temperatures in the capital: 16-18° C in winter and 25-30° C in summer. The time covered in winter (May-August), sunny in the summer (January-March). High humidity all year round, little rain.

Viability

Licence (For 30 days). Insurance The liability insurance is mandatory. Short-term insurance: you can get a short-term insurance on arrival at the border, Tacna, Tumbes or in one of the agencies of the company "Pacifico Peruano Suiza". Insurance premium varies according to the value of the vehicle, the risks covered and the length of the roof. Importation of vehicles with customs document It required the carnet customs passage for vehicles imported temporarily. The maximum period of temporary importation of a vehicle is 12 months. Driving rules Direction of travel: a guide to the right, overtake on the left. The regulations follow the provisions of the international conventions. Above: the above right is the rule. The streets are indicated by the earlier international signal of road with precedence. The use of the Horn is prohibited in residential areas, except in cases of emergency. Compulsory equipment For both visitors and residents: Helmets for motorcyclists: Mandatory to both drivers and their passengers Safety belts and child seats: seat belts are mandatory. There are no rules concerning the safety of the children in the car. Triangle: it is mandatory to have a triangle in the vehicle and use it in case of accident or breakdown. Bag rescue: it's mandatory aboard all trucks and buses registered in Peru and abroad. Lights: the use of lights is compulsory between 6 and 18 Fire extinguisher: all Courier engaged transporting tourists and registered in Peru or abroad must have a fire extinguisher on board. Alcohol in blood Limit allowed: The blood-alcohol limit is 0.05% of. A driver with a BAC greater than 0.05 in the blood is considered to be in a State of drunkenness and liable to a fine of 1775 PEN. and suspension of licence for 12 months. Detection Test: drivers involved in an accident are tested to detect the presence of alcohol. The police has the right to impose a test a driver suspected of driving in a State of drunkenness. The first test is generally a test on the breath. If this test is positive, the driver is subject to a levy of blood. Transport in General: travel within the country may be by air, car or on the main bus lines which have a risk of robbery and accidents. There is a direct flight with the airline Alitalia "; the flight lasts about 24 hours taking account of stops to stopover in Caracas, Miami, Amsterdam or Frankfurt). The airline "Iberia" carries out a daily flight Lima-Madrid-Rome; the flight takes around 17 hours.

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Il senso del viaggio
Il senso del viaggio
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