Papua New Guinea

       
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is a country in Oceania, occupying the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and numerous offshore islands (the western portion of the island is a part of the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua). It is located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, in a region defined since the early 19th century as Melanesia. The capital is Port Moresby. Papua New Guinea is one of the most culturally diverse countries on Earth, with over 850 indigenous languages and at least as many traditional societies,[citation needed] out of a population of just under seven million. It is also one of the most rural, as only 18% of its people live in urban centres. The country is one of the world's least explored, culturally and geographically, and many undiscovered species of plants and animals are thought to exist in the interior of Papua New Guinea. The majority of the population live in traditional societies and practise subsistence-based agriculture. These societies and clans have some explicit acknowledgement within the nation's constitutional framework. The PNG Constitution (Preamble 5(4)) expresses the wish for "traditional villages and communities to remain as viable units of Papua New Guinean society", and for active steps to be taken in their preservation. After being ruled by three external powers since 1884, Papua New Guinea gained its independence from Australia in 1975. It remains a Commonwealth realm of Her Majesty Elizabeth II, Queen of Papua New Guinea. Many people live in extreme poverty, with about one third of the population living on less than US$1.25 per day.

Capital PORT MORESBY
Currency Kina (PGK)
Country code 00675
Spoken languages ​​ English and local dialects
Passport

ongoing validity (valid for a further six months after the date of entry).

Health

Medical care in Papua New Guinea, including the capital, is very limited and almost non-existent in rural areas. Port Moresby, the capital, has some private hospitals such as the Paradise Hospital tel: 325 6022 and Pacific International Hospital tel: 323 4400. For serious cases, however, must be transferred with aero-ambulance in Australia (although the entry into this country and acceptance in an Australian hospital are not guaranteed). It is recommended, therefore, to conclude, before embarking on the journey, providing health insurance coverage as well as specialist medical expenses, even if emergency medical air transfer or transfer in any other country. There are numerous tropical diseases: malaria, dengue, Japanese encephalitis, elephantine. HIV/AIDS is widespread, should always take appropriate prevention measures. Infectious diseases (including tuberculosis, typhoid and hepatitis A and B) are common. We recommend that you: -perform, after consulting a doctor, vaccinations against: tuberculosis, hepatitis B and typhoid; -drink only boiled or bottled water and avoid ice in drinks; -consume only well-cooked food -contact a doctor immediately if you have a fever or diarrhea to determine the cause and start immediate care. Deadly and venomous snakes are common in Papua New Guinea and often local hospitals do not have stocks of antidote.

Telephony

The operator of fixed telephony is State-owned Telikom. For mobile telephony, there are currently two operators, Bmobile and Digicel (Hwy) (private). Bmobile has coverage limited to major cities, while Digicel also covers many villages. At the moment though, Digicel phones cannot connect to those Telikom and Bmobile. Only with Digicel you can receive SMS from Italy (but not vice versa). You cannot use cell phones, no roaming agreements with the PNG.

Climate

the country lies in the Equatorial/tropical zone. From December to March is the rainy season, from May to October is the dry season. Average temperatures are between 29 and 34 degrees on the coast, and between 20 and 25 in the Highlands during the day, with minimal even very cold at night.

Viability

Licence Italy, valid for 3 months, then you need to convert it to a licence in Papua New Guinea Insurance RC by stipulating in the border. Driving is on the left. The speed limit in town is 60 MILES per hour. The condition of roads, both in the city and outside, are not good. We recommend the use of machines to 4 wheel drive. There is a developed road network, due to the mountainous terrain and dense jungle inside the country, where most of the moves are made by air. In the city, the bus (PMV-Public Motor Vehicles) are not recommended, because maintenance and Honfleur, both because they are often the target of the rascals.

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