Pakistan

       
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is a sovereign country in South Asia. Bounded by a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south, it is bordered by India in the east, Afghanistan in the west and north, Iran in the southwest and China in the far northeast, while Tajikistan is separated by the narrow Wakhan Corridor in the north. In addition, Oman is also located in maritime vicinity and shares a marine border with Pakistan. Strategically, Pakistan is situated at the crossroads of the important regions of South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. The region forming modern Pakistan was the site of several ancient cultures including the neolithic Mehrgarh and the bronze era Indus Valley Civilisation. Subsequently it was the recipient of Hindu, Persian, Indo-Greek, Islamic, Turco-Mongol, Afghan and Sikh cultures through several invasions and/or settlements. As a result, the area has remained a part of numerous empires and dynasties including the Indian empires, Persian empires, Arab caliphates, Mongol, Mughal, Durrani Empire, Sikh and British Empire. In 1947, as a result of the Pakistan Movement led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and India's struggle for independence, Pakistan was created as an independent nation for Muslims from the Muslim majority, eastern and western, regions of India. Initially a dominion, with the adoption of new constitution in 1956 Pakistan became an Islamic republic. In 1971, a civil war in East Pakistan resulted in the secession of East Pakistan as Bangladesh. Pakistan is a federal parliamentary republic consisting of four provinces and four federal territories. With a population exceeding 170 million people, it is the sixth most populous country in the world and has the second largest Muslim population after Indonesia. It is an ethnically and linguistically diverse country, with a similar variation in its geography and wildlife. Its semi-industrialized economy is the 27th largest in the world in terms of purchasing power. Since gaining independence, Pakistan's history has been characterised by periods of military rule, political instability and conflicts with neighbouring India. The country continues to face challenging problems including terrorism, poverty, illiteracy and corruption. A regional and middle power, Pakistan has the seventh largest standing armed forces in the world and is a declared nuclear weapons state, being the first and only nation to have that status in the Muslim world, and the second in South Asia. It is designated as a major non-NATO ally of the United States and a strategic ally of China. Pakistan is a founding member of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (now the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation) and is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations and the G20 developing nations.

Capital ISLAMABAD
Currency Rupia pachistana (PKR)
Country code 0092
Spoken languages ​​ urdu
Passport

necessary, with residual validity of at least three months. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Local services are not enabled emergency repatriation. We recommend subscribing to that insurance in case you need that particular service. Although in general the doctors at hospitals are qualified enough, the average standard of hospitals are not comparable to those of Europe. One exception is the Aga Khan Foundation hospital in Karachi, where quality standards may be considered relatively good. Malaria risk is present throughout the country below 2,000 metres. Are marked clorochino-resistant strains. There is a high risk of dysentery. There have been reported cases of cholera is increasing, while the incidence of dengue hemorrhagic fever in the form. These diseases are more common in the monsoon season. Poliomyelitis is endemic in the country. Cases of Influenza A/H1N1 have been reported and it is feared that the infection is on the rise. In 2007 were reported some outbreaks of avian influenza, in particular in the province (1901–1955), while infected wild birds have also been reported in the area of Islamabad. We recommend incidentals to consume meat and birds ' eggs only if well cooked and to avoid any form of direct contact with birds and poultry.

Climate

Continental in central-northern part of the country (with very hot summers and relatively mild winters) and sub-tropical in the South. The months from July through September are generally characterized by torrential rains due to monsoons. Very hot and humid in the South from March until December.

Viability

Drivers license: international driving licence is required Rca compulsory insurance:. Since it does not recognize any foreign insurance, the visitor can take a short-term insurance on arrival in Pakistan, even through the AAP (Automobile Association of Pakistan). Remember those driving abroad, a car that is not advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. A motor vehicle may be temporarily imported under a carnet customs passage (CPD). The normal duration of a temporary importation is of 3 months. It may be extended by the Central Board of Revenue in particular cases. The request for extension must be submitted before the expiry of 3 months regulations. Note: for use with a vehicle temporarily imported is required the international certificate of registration (to be requested at the Civil Motorization. Driving rules Direction of travel: a guide to left, overtaking on the right. Helmets for motorcyclists: mandatory for driver and passenger. Highlights: switched-on should be half an hour after sunset until 1/2 hour before sunrise or when visibility is reduced to mist, fog, rain and sandstorm. The beam can be used only outside of built-up areas. Before overtaking during the night, the driver must indicate this intention doing reporting with the headlights. Alcohol in blood: driving under the influence of alcohol is strictly prohibited. Anyone suspected of driving in a State of drunkenness is immediately accompanied by a physician of the police service for a tracking test. According to the report of the doctor, can be initiated judicial proceedings. Toll motorways:.

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