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Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom. It is a parliamentary democracy organised as a unitary state. The country capital is Amsterdam and the seat of government is The Hague. The Netherlands in its entirety is often referred to as Holland, although North and South Holland are actually only two of its twelve provinces (a case of pars pro toto; see terminology of "the Netherlands"). The Netherlands is a geographically low-lying country, with about 25% of its area and 21% of its population located below sea level, and 50% of its land lying less than one metre above sea level. This distinct feature contributes to the country's name: in Dutch (Nederland), English, and in many other European languages (e.g. German: Niederlande, Croatian: Nizozemska, French: Les Pays-Bas, Italian: Paesi Bassi and Spanish: Países Bajos), its name literally means "(The) Low Countries" or "Low Country". Significant land area has been gained through land reclamation and preserved through an elaborate system of polders and dikes. Much of the Netherlands is formed by the estuary of three important European rivers, which together with their distributaries form the Rhine-Meuse-Scheldt delta. Most of the country is very flat, with the exception of foothills in the far southeast and several low-hill ranges in the central parts. The Netherlands was one of the first countries to have an elected parliament. Among other affiliations the country is a founding member of the EU, NATO, OECD and WTO. With Belgium and Luxembourg it forms the Benelux economic union. The country is host to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and five international courts: the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal Court and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. The first four are situated in The Hague as is the EU's criminal intelligence agency Europol and judicial co-operation agency Eurojust. This has led to the city being dubbed "the world's legal capital". The Netherlands has a capitalist market-based economy, ranking 13th of 157 countries according to the Index of Economic Freedom. In May 2011, the Netherlands was ranked as the "happiest" country according to results published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Capital AMSTERDAM
Currency EURO
Country code 0031
Spoken languages ​​ Dutch
Passport

It is necessary to travel with one of the two valid documents to provide in the event of a request from local authorities. The village forms part of the EU and shall accede to the Schengen Agreement. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport request, you may want to inquire in advance at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

The country's health situation is good, and the hospitals are efficient. There are special risks of contagion, and are therefore not required immunizations other than those normally applied in Italy. Italian citizens who travel temporarily (for tourism, business, study or work) in the country (Member State of the European Union) can receive necessary medical care provided by local health care if they have the European health insurance card (TEAM) so-called health card. The TEAM replaces the previous models E110, E111, E128 and E119 and is being distributed by the Ministry of economy and finance. It is advisable to obtain a private health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical expenses, repatriation or transfer of the patient to another country.

Climate

Atlantic-type climate, wet and windy, characterized by frequent rains and high variability. Summers are cool (+25/maximum temperatures of + 26 degrees), winters are cold but not stringent (minimum temperatures around zero, sometimes below).

Viability

Driving Licence: Italiana. Car insurance: The liability insurance is mandatory for the circulation of any motor vehicle, including mopeds. A motorist Italian doesn't need any supplementary insurance document to his national policy. Delegation to conduct: Remember those driving abroad, a car that is not advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. Equipment required for residents and visitors Helmets for motorcyclists: the driver and passenger of a motorcycle with or without side-car and a moped that exceed 25 km/h must wear a protective helmet. Safety belts, child seat: the introduction of seat belts is compulsory for the occupants of all seats to be fitted. Any person less than 18 years and less than 135 cm stature should be ensured by a special system that adapts to its size and model conforms to ECE 44/44/03 or 04. It is not permitted to any other system and this Regulation shall also apply to visitors. Children from 0 to 3 years must be ensured by a system that is adapted to their size and conform to the above rules. Exceptions: car not equipped with seat belts on the rear seats: -child till 3 years: forbidden to travel on the rear seats. Can travel in the front seat provided that they are placed in a restraint system complies with the above rules. -child over 3 years can travel on rear seats without belts or other restraint. Triangle: any vehicle other than a motorcycle, left unattended at night without being sufficiently lighted, both from public lighting, both by their own lights, must be marked by a triangle of Red reflective report pre-orders. Tires: The minimum thickness of a tire must be 1.6 mm. Lights: lights fog lights are not mandatory, but should be used only in case of fog, heavy rain or snowfall, along with sidelights. At night it is forbidden to drive with the only position lamps. Spiked tires and chains for snow: the use of studded tires is prohibited on any vehicle registered both in Holland and abroad. BAC General limit: 0.05% Special: 0.02% limit of alcohol in his blood for a young driver (first 5 years of driving license) and a motorcyclist under 24 years. Links: the road network is excellent; very many airline and rail connections with Italy.

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