New Zealand

       
Milford Sound

Points of interest

Suggest a new point of interest  

Main cities

Regions

Reviews (0)

| Average rating: 0 Write a review

is an island country located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses ‒ that of the North and South Islands ‒ as well as numerous smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 1,500 kilometres (900 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the Pacific island nations of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long isolation, New Zealand developed a distinctive biodiversity of both animal and plant life. Most notable are the large number of unique bird species, many of which became extinct after the arrival of humans and introduced mammals. With a mild maritime climate, the land was mostly covered in forest. The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions caused by the Pacific and Indo-Australian Plates clashing beneath the earth's surface. Polynesians settled New Zealand in 1250–1300 CE and developed a distinctive Māori culture, and Europeans first made contact in 1642 CE. The introduction of potatoes and muskets triggered upheaval among Māori early during the 19th century, which led to the inter-tribal Musket Wars. In 1840 the British and Māori signed a treaty making New Zealand a colony of the British Empire. Immigrant numbers increased sharply and conflicts escalated into the New Zealand Wars, which resulted in much Māori land being confiscated in the mid North Island. Economic depressions were followed by periods of political reform, with women gaining the vote during the 1890s, and a welfare state being established from the 1930s. After World War II, New Zealand joined Australia and the United States in the ANZUS security treaty, although the United States later, until 2010, suspended the treaty after New Zealand banned nuclear weapons. New Zealand is part of the intelligence sharing among the Anglosphere countries, the UKUSA Agreement. New Zealanders enjoyed one of the highest standards of living in the world in the 1950s, but the 1970s saw a deep recession, worsened by oil shocks and the United Kingdom's entry into the European Economic Community. The country underwent major economic changes during the 1980s, which transformed it from a protectionist to a liberalised free-trade economy. Markets for New Zealand's agricultural exports have diversified greatly since the 1970s, with once-dominant exports of wool being overtaken by dairy products, meat, and recently wine. The majority of New Zealand's population is of European descent; the indigenous Māori are the largest minority, followed by Asians and non-Māori Polynesians. Māori and New Zealand Sign Language are the official languages, with English predominant. Much of New Zealand's culture is derived from Māori and early British settlers. Early European art was dominated by landscapes and to a lesser extent portraits of Māori. A recent resurgence of Māori culture has seen their traditional arts of carving, weaving and tattooing become more mainstream. Many artists now combine Māori and Western techniques to create unique art forms. The country's culture has also been broadened by globalisation and increased immigration from the Pacific Islands and Asia. New Zealand's diverse landscape provides many opportunities for outdoor pursuits and has provided the backdrop for a number of big budget movies. New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes; these have less autonomy than the country's long defunct provinces did. Nationally, executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet, led by the Prime Minister. Queen Elizabeth II is the country's head of state and is represented by a Governor-General. The Queen's Realm of New Zealand also includes Tokelau (a dependent territory); the Cook Islands and Niue (self-governing but in free association); and the Ross Dependency, New Zealand's territorial claim in Antarctica. New Zealand is a member of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Commonwealth of Nations, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Pacific Islands Forum, and the United Nations.

Capital WELLINGTON
Currency Dollaro neozelandese (NZD)
Country code 0064
Spoken languages ​​ English, maori
Passport

need with survival of at least 3 months. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

the healthcare system is at a good level in urban areas. In rural areas the level of structures is lower, due to the lack of specialized personnel. Access to diagnosis and treatment for foreigners is particularly onerous. Only those benefits as a result of accidents are covered by a compensation fund (ACC). For more information, visit the following web page (in English): www.acc.co.nz/making-a-claim/am-i-covered/index.htm#P12_763 We recommend, however, to conclude, before embarking on the trip, an international health insurance to include, in addition to medical expenses, even the eventual repatriation medical air or transfer in another Country.

Telephony

need with survival of at least 3 months. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Climate

New Zealand's climate ranges from subtropical to the northern end of the island in the North to temperate in the rest of the country, with alpine conditions in mountainous areas. The climate is almost everywhere subject to extremely rapid changes. Most of New Zealand receives between 600 and 1600 mm of rainfall per year, distributed throughout the year with a dry period during the summer, with the exception of part of the South Island, where the summer is more rainy. The rainiest area coincides with the West coast of the South Island, while the area east of the mountains is more dry. Average annual temperatures range from 10° C in the South up to 16° C in the North of New Zealand. The coldest month is July and the hottest month is January or February. The variations between summer and winter temperatures are relatively small, although inland areas and to the East of the mountain ranges the variation is greater (up to 14° C). In summer, the solar radiation ultraviolet index (UVI) is often very high in most places and can reach extremely high values in the North of New Zealand and in mountainous areas. In autumn and spring UVI values can be high in many regions. Frosts can occur everywhere especially in the late winter and early spring particularly during night with clear skies and little wind. Between December and April the New Zealand can be touched from the queues of cyclonic nature disruption from the tropics, which can produce strong winds, storm surges and storms, resulting in severe damage to things and people.

Viability

Drivers license: International (model 1949 Geneva Convention or Vienna 1968) Short-term insurance it is advisable to visitor to additional insurance covering all risks of his car, as the Accident Compensation Act "does not cover physical damage. Useful addresses: Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) P.O. Box 242 Wellington 6140 tél.: +64 4 918 7700 fax: +64 4 918 7701 e-mail: information@acc.co.nz Internet: http://www.acc.co.nz Insurance Council of New Zealand tél.: +64 4 472 5230 e-mail: icnz@icnz.org.nz Vehicles imported temporarily with the Customs document A vehicle may be temporarily imported into New Zealand with coverage of a carnet customs passage. More information at www.aci.it/index.php?id=2090 Since any vehicle imported into New Zealand, even in temporary importation, shall meet the safety requirements applicable in the country, it is advisable, before importing, require further details at: NZ Transport Agency tél.: +64 4 494 8600 e-mail: info@nzta.govt.nz Driving standards to Guide the left and overtake on the right. Compulsory equipment Helmets for motorcyclists: required. Safety belts, child seat seat belts are compulsory for those who sit in seats that are equipped. A child under the age of 5 years must be insured at a special seat appropriate to its size and of an approved type. A child between the ages of 5 and 7 years must sit on a safety seat suitable for its size; If not available, will sit in the back seat of the car. All passengers who have 8 years or more must fasten your seatbelt or travel on the rear seat of the car. Alcohol in blood Permitted limit Driver with less than 20 years and driver holds a provisional permit: 0.15 mg of alcohol per litre or 0.03% of alcohol in the blood. other drivers: 0.40 mg of alcohol per litre of breath or 0.08% blood alcohol Transportation: railway network is discreet and crosses part of the country (3989 Km). The internal air connections are excellent and very used

Share with your friends:

PRESS
Are you a journalist, photographer or videoreporter travel and have material for New Zealand?

Sign up add New Zealand to the list of places where you've been
Partnership
ESC

Or register to write a comment for this diary
Languages: English - Italiano

About us - Conditions - Create a Business Account - Careers - Help - Privacy legacy -

Tripblend © 2012 - All rights reserved - Tripblend is property of Imagina Studio - P.Iva IT01083440329 - For more information: info@tripblend.com