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is a federal constitutional republic comprising 36 states and its Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. The country is located in West Africa and shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Its coast in the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean. The three largest and most influential ethnic groups in Nigeria are the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba. In terms of religion Nigeria is roughly split half and half between Muslims and Christians with a very small minority who practice traditional religion. The people of Nigeria have an extensive history. Archaeological evidence shows that human habitation of the area dates back to at least 9000 BCE. The area around the Benue and Cross River is thought to be the original homeland of the Bantu migrants who spread across most of central and southern Africa in waves between the 1st millennium BC and the 2nd millennium. The name Nigeria was taken from the Niger River running through the country. This name was coined by Flora Shaw, the future wife of Baron Lugard, a British colonial administrator, in the late 19th century. Since 2002 there have been a spate of clashes in the north of the country between government forces and the Boko Haram militant group which seeks to establish sharia law. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, the seventh most populous country in the world, and the most populous country in the world in which the majority of the population is black. It is listed among the "Next Eleven" economies, and is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

Capital ABUJA
Currency Naira
Country code 00234
Spoken languages ​​ english

necessary. For any changes to this rule you should inquire in advance at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.


The sanitary level is generally low to medium. The public hospitals are inadequate level. The on-site procurement of medicines is not reliable, for the risks of manipulation of drugs. It is advisable to obtain before leaving medicine first aid (Saturday night fever, skin disinfectants, oxygenated water, medicines and intestinal disinfectants). It is anyway advisable to enter into a good private health insurance in Italy which envisages, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. Specialist care is, in fact, need to travel to Europe. Endemic diseases are tuberculosis, malaria (quinine-resistant form and especially in the South-East, of the type called "cerebral malaria"), typhoid, gastroenteritis, particularly the so-called "lassa hemorrhagic fever" linked to poor hygiene of the population especially in rural areas, and cholera (particularly in rural areas, caused by poor hygienic conditions/sanitarie locali). Polio is still widespread. There is the risk of acquiring hepatitis (A and B), as well as meningitis and cholera. Should be kept in mind that Nigeria is one of the countries in the world where there is a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS. You should, before travelling, consult a doctor or your ASL, keeping while staying at home to animal-health measures and hygiene/food. suggested. Warnings: We also recommend: -After medical opinion, essential to carry out, as above shown, some vaccinations like: typhoid, hepatitis and other diseases are endemic, such as cholera and meningitis epidemic character, taking in some periods of the year; -After consulting a doctor, making anti-malaria prophylaxis for limited stays; -to drink boiled water or filtered and bottled drinks, without adding ice, and to eat only well-cooked food; -shopping in supermarkets that have a significant spare goods avoiding instead small shops, and paying any attention to possible counterfeits and expired products that are more frequent in retail stores.


the country is divided between a strip next to oceanic coast characterized by a climate suitable for rainforests and a Northern belt (from Kaduna to Gombe to the border with Niger) to Sahel climate. To the North there are high temperatures throughout the year, with maximum values of around 45° C with low humidity and minimum temperatures down to 18° c. To the South there are maximum values of around 32° C with a humidity up to 100% and the minimum around 23° c. In the Central Highlands (Jos), the temperature varies between 14° C and 28° c. Rainfall varies between the more than 3,800 mm per year in the South East (from Warri in Port Harcourt) and less than 650 mm in the North-East (Maiduguri and close to Lake Chad). The duration of the rainy season varies from 2-3 months in the North (June-September) until 5-6 months to the South (April-October). The dry season associated with the period of Saharan wind called harmattan ", has a duration of 2-3 months (December to February), while in the North it starts sometimes in October and lasts until March.


Licence International (1926 Convention model) Insurance Rc local mandatory. Documents for temporary importation Recommended the "carnet customs passage" for vehicles in temporary importation. Transport The road network has difficulties along the East-West to the South of the country, where it is subject to particular erosion due to climate change. This makes it considerably difficult to follow, even if aboard an all-terrain vehicle, which is always advisable. The North-South is a better maintenance, even for climatic conditions. It is essential to tackle any journey with at least two cars and, preferably, with adequate coverage radio or satellite phone for remote areas and natural parks. Cellular telephony ensures in any event coverage across the country. You must also have a minimum stock of necessities (especially drinks) and emergency medicines. To avoid the use of means of public use (actually managed by private individuals), with the exception of taxis or chauffeur hire companies recommended by leading hotels of urban areas. For domestic flights, it is necessary to carefully choose the airlines (preferably by being in contact with the Embassy). In recent years, there have been several accidents on internal lines, for both carriers and shortages of groundhandling. Can supply difficulties occur periodically to petrol and diesel. This discomfort causes long queues at distributors and reduces public transport. Airports Abuja, Lagos, Kano and Port Harcourt, Calabar for international flights. There are numerous other airports for internal flights. There are daily connections with Europe. The major airlines are: British Airways, Lufthansa, KLM and Abuja. In addition, Air France and Alitalia from Lagos.

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Languages: English - Italiano

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