Niger

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is a landlocked country in Western Africa, named after the Niger River. It borders Nigeria and Benin to the south, Burkina Faso and Mali to the west, Algeria and Libya to the north and Chad to the east. Niger covers a land area of almost 1,270,000 km2, making it the largest nation in West Africa, with over 80 percent of its land area covered by the Sahara desert. The country's predominantly Islamic population of just above 15,000,000 is mostly clustered in the far south and west of the nation. The capital city is Niamey, located in the far southwest corner of Niger. A developing country, Niger consistently has one of the lowest ranks of the United Nations' Human Development Index (HDI), 186th of 187 countries in 2011. Much of the non-desert portions of the country are threatened by periodic drought and desertification. The economy is concentrated around subsistence and some export agriculture clustered in the more fertile south, and the export of raw materials, especially uranium ore. Niger remains handicapped by its landlocked position, desert terrain, poor education and poverty of its people, lack of infrastructure, poor health care, and environmental degradation. Nigerien (/niːˈʒɛəriən/ or pronunciation: /naɪdʒɪrɪˈɛn/) society reflects a diversity drawn from the long independent histories of its several ethnic groups and regions and their relatively short period living in a single state. Historically, what is now Niger has been on the fringes of several large states. Since independence, Nigeriens have lived under five constitutions and three periods of military rule. Following a military coup in 2010, Niger has now become a democratic, multi-party state. A majority live in rural areas, and have little access to advanced education.

Capital NIAMEY
Currency Franco C.F.A.
Country code 00227
Spoken languages ​​ french
Passport

necessary, with residual validity of at least six months from the time of arrival in the country. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Except for some mid-level private structures present at Niamey and affordable, medical facilities are generally of low level and very precarious conditions of hygiene. In case of serious health problems is always required medical evacuation. There is a fair number of pharmacies in the capital Niamey, with mainly French medicines. We recommend, however, arriving in the country equipped with essential medicines. It is imperative therefore conclude, before embarking on your trip, health insurance, as well as providing coverage of medical expenses, even if air emergency medical repatriation or transfer in any other country. There are numerous endemic diseases, especially in rural areas (cholera, typhoid, tuberculosis, etc.). Malaria is spread over the entire territory and in some cases is particularly severe and resistant to chlorine quinine. You should, after consulting a doctor, an anti-malarial even if not efficient in all cases, and to adopt measures necessary precautions. You should, before travelling, consult a medical expert in tropical medicine and take medicines to combat effectively the infection. According to the who in 2010 have registered cases of cholera 1260 (including 74 deaths) over 2,900,000 cases of malaria more than 3600 deaths, while decreased the cases of meningitis due to massive vaccination campaign. We recommend anyway, after consulting a doctor, vaccinations against meningitis (recurring annual epidemic persists), hepatitis A and B, tetanus and measles (established in Niger). Spread HIV/AIDS, especially among the young population and urban environments. Due to the presence of avian influenza cases, we do not recommend to go to markets, farms or other places where you may come into contact with the birds and still make sure that dishes of chicken and eggs are properly cooked. WARNINGS We recommend that you: -avoid eating raw foods; -wash and disinfect thoroughly fruits and vegetables; -drinking water and bottled drinks without ice, add; -make use of repellents and wearing clothes that cover most of the body during evening and night hours.

Climate

typically sub-Saharan; dry (10-40% humidity) in mid November-end of February, with temperatures that range from 30/40° during the day and 12/18° c at night. The rainy season runs from May/June to September and is characterised by temperatures between 42/43° during daylight hours and 27/28° at night and high humidity. We recommend light clothes and fresh.

Viability

Licence italiana. After 90 days stay is necessary to acquire the licence nigerina (except for experts in the field of international cooperation). Documents for temporary importation It required the carnet customs passage for vehicles imported temporarily.

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Languages: English - Italiano

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