Managua

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is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. The country is situated between 11 and 14 degrees north of the Equator in the Northern Hemisphere, which places it entirely within the tropics. The Pacific Ocean lies to the west, and the Caribbean Sea to the east. The country's physical geography divides it into three major zones: Pacific lowlands, wet, cooler central highlands, and the Caribbean lowlands. On the Pacific side of the country are the two largest fresh water lakes in Central America—Lake Managua and Lake Nicaragua. Surrounding these lakes and extending to their northwest along the rift valley of the Gulf of Fonseca are fertile lowland plains, with soil highly enriched by ash from nearby volcanoes of the central highlands. Nicaragua's abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems contribute to Mesoamerica's designation as a biodiversity hotspot. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century. Nicaragua achieved its independence from Spain in 1821. Since its independence, Nicaragua has undergone periods of political unrest, military intervention by the United States, dictatorship, and fiscal crisis—the most notable causes that lead to the Nicaraguan Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s. Prior to the revolution, Nicaragua was one of Central America's wealthiest and most developed countries. The revolutionary conflict, paired with a 1972 earthquake, reversed the country's prior economic standing. Nicaragua is a representative democratic republic, and has experienced economic growth and political stability in recent years. In 1990, Nicaragua elected Violeta Chamorro as its president, making it the first country in Latin American history and the second in the Western Hemisphere to democratically elect a female head of state. The population of Nicaragua, approximately 6 million, is multiethnic. Roughly a quarter of the population lives in the capital city, Managua, making Managua the second largest city in Central America. Segments of the population include indigenous native tribes from the Mosquito Coast, Europeans, Africans, Asians, and people of Middle Eastern origin. The main language is Spanish, although native tribes on the eastern coast speak their native languages, such as Miskito, Sumo, and Rama, as well as English Creole. The mixture of cultural traditions has generated substantial diversity in art and literature, particularly the later given the various literary contributions of Nicaraguan writers, including Rubén Darío, Ernesto Cardenal, and Gioconda Belli. The biological diversity, warm tropical climate, and active volcanoes make Nicaragua an increasingly popular tourist destination.

Capital Managua
Currency Cordoba
Country code 00505
Spoken languages ​​ Spanish, English
Passport

necessary, with residual validity of at least 6 months. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Public health structures are somewhat deficient, while private facilities and is the modern hospital "Hospital Metropolitano" opened in May 2004, equipped with advanced technologies and healthcare at a good level. Considered good Military Hospital (in areas reserved for private patients only). Are still available on the market the main types of medicines. At the consular section of the Embassy is available a list of reliable doctors for each specialization. We recommend that you take out, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in another Country Periodically develop outbreaks of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic, especially in wetlands and along the coasts. In case of febrile States you should not take aspirin or derivatives (contraindicated in cases of dengue fever) without having first consulted a doctor or hospital. In some inland areas of the country are endemic diseases such as cholera, malaria, dysentery, conjunctivitis, meningitis, etc. We recommend, after consulting a doctor, vaccinations against cholera and hepatitis A and B, and anti-malarial drugs. Specific suggestions about difficulties for emergency repatriation: there is no direct flight linking the Nicaragua with Italy; the national airline ALITALIA provides flights from Italy to Miami (continuation to Managua with TACA). Links with Europe are however insured daily, AIR FRANCE, AMERICAN AIRLINES, CONTINENTAL, BRITISH AIRWAYS, LUFTHANSA and KLM, via Miami, Costa Rica and El Salvador via IBERIA, KLM via Panama, DELTA via Atlanta. With the first 5 Companies you can reach Nicaragua by Houston. Easily accessible by land neighbouring countries (Costa Rica and Honduras). Warnings While staying at home we recommend: -have particular personal hygiene care; -sterilize water, fruits and vegetables; -drink bottled mineral water; -adopt the precautions against insect bites (insect repellent products) choose with some accuracy the places of refreshment. There are good restaurants in Managua Italians, Spanish, French and international, even at major hotels.

Telephony

Managed by Telefonica Movistar, Claro and Yota. European phones with quad-band network work with the activation of the device using SIM cards provided by the three companies mentioned above.

Climate

hot wet tropical divided into 2 seasons respectively calls "Verano" 15 November-14 may (summer dry climate with average temperatures of 30 degrees) and "Invierno" 15 May-14 November (winter season with very humid, rainy climate and average temperature of 33 degrees). Usually in September and October the climate is characterized by heavy rains, with the possibility of hurricanes.

Viability

Italian or international driving licence: (model 1949 Vienna or Geneva! 1968) The speed limit is 90 km/h on highways, 40 km/h in cities Insurance RC recommended Car Rentals: Taxi service (use only vehicles permitted that have red plaques) covers almost the whole country, but the cars are often poor. There is also a parallel that abusive service should be avoided. We must in any case always negotiate the price. It is preferable to use car rentals (AVIS, HERTZ, BUDGET, DOLLAR), possibly with driver. Links: there is no direct flight linking the Nicaragua with Italy. The quality of service of urban transport and airplane Interior does not reflect the European levels, both from the point of view of comfort than safety. The road network is often in poor condition. However good the Carretera Panamericana, which connects Honduras with Nicaragua (frontier of El Espino) and Costa Rica (Penas Blancas border); the national roads that lead to Granada, Leon and Masaya. It is anyway advisable, to travel within the country, the use of an SUV because many paths consist of earthen slopes during the rainy season, they tend to deteriorate. European airlines: Air France, Alitalia, Lufthansa, Delta only up to US; IBERIA to Costa Rica; KLM to Panama ' Airlines flying to/from the USA: American Airlines, Continental, COPA, TACA. AIRPORTS: Managua-Bluefields – Great Corn Island – Puerto Cabezas-San Carlos Inland Transport: does not exist in Nicaragua a rail network. The internal air transport are insured by national Companies Costeña and Atlantic Air with daily flights from Managua to Bluefields, Corn Island, Puerto Cabezas, San Carlos (Río San Juan). The main river (Río San Juan, Río, Río Escondido Rama) are navigable year-round. Navigation on Lake Nicaragua (Cocibolca) to/from the "Isletas", to/from Ometepe and Solentiname archipelago & away is secured daily by means of maritime transport and public and private hire from Granada, from San Jorge and other boarding points located along the Carretera Panamericana. To take particular attention to atmospheric conditions if you want to reach the Small Corn Island. The crossed offshore from Big to Small Corn Island, lasting about 50 minutes aboard the powerful flow of boats around 30 people, is particularly dangerous in the event of adverse weather conditions, which if they worsened would make the return journey so impractical getting stuck in the archipelago. There have been some cases of reversal of vessel, fortunately without casualties. There is an extensive bus network covering almost the whole Country, but the media are generally in poor condition. However, there are modern, air-conditioned buses from/to the Costa Rica and from Honduras and El Salvador (King Transnica bus, Quality, Ticabus).

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Languages: English - Italiano

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