Namibia

       
Namibia

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is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean. It shares land borders with Angola and Zambia to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east. It gained independence from South Africa on 21 March 1990, following the Namibian War of Independence. Its capital and largest city is Windhoek. Namibia is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Commonwealth of Nations. The dry lands of Namibia were inhabited since early times by Bushmen, Damara, and Namaqua, and since about the 14th century AD by immigrating Bantu who came with the Bantu expansion. It became a German Imperial protectorate in 1884 and remained a German colony until the end of World War I. In 1920, the League of Nations mandated the country to South Africa, which imposed its laws and, from 1948, its apartheid policy. Uprisings and demands by African leaders led the UN to assume direct responsibility over the territory. It recognized the South West Africa People’s Organization (SWAPO) as the official representative of the Namibian people in 1973. Namibia, however, remained under South African administration during this time. Following internal violence, South Africa installed an interim administration in Namibia in 1985. Namibia obtained full independence from South Africa in 1990, with the exception of Walvis Bay and the Penguin Islands, which remained under South African control until 1994. Namibia has a population of 2.1 million people and a stable multi-party parliamentary democracy. Agriculture, herding, tourism and the mining industry – including mining for gem diamonds, uranium, gold, silver, and base metals – form the backbone of Namibia's economy. Given the presence of the arid Namib Desert, it is one of the least densely populated countries in the world. Approximately half the population live below the international poverty line, and the nation has suffered heavily from the effects of HIV/AIDS, with 15% of the adult population infected with HIV in 2007.

Capital WINDHOEK
Currency Dollaro namibiano (N$)
Country code 00264
Spoken languages ​​ afrikaans, English, oshivambo
Passport

necessary, with residual validity of at least 6 months from the moment of arrival in the country. For any changes to this rule you should inquire in advance at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

In the capital the private hospital and medical facilities and the availability of medicines are good. In case of special need, you can use the health of South Africa. In Kunene and Caprivi in (bordering Angola) and in the Ohangwena region, there has been, in the past, an epidemic of cholera. In addition, also in Caprivi region of Oshikoto, were also registered some cases of meningitis. We recommend that you: -adopt the necessary sanitation measures; -submit, after consulting a doctor, an antimalarial therapy in the summer season (November-March) for those wishing to travel to the northern regions of the country. There is no fix for emergency repatriation. We recommend, however, to conclude, before embarking on your trip, health insurance that includes in addition to coverage of medical expenses, even if air emergency medical repatriation or transfer in any other country.

Climate

Namibia is a Country very arid. This dryness is mitigated by summer rains (November-March). The warm temperatures during the summer are rendered pleasing to Windhoek from the altitude and the cold Benguela current marina. Particularly during the warmer months (June-August) there is a wide thermal excursion with temperature ranging from +24° C during the day to 0° C after sunset. Namibia, despite being on the same time zone of Italy, located in the southern hemisphere and the seasons are opposite those of Italy.

Viability

Licence International driving licence (Vienna or Geneva model 68 49) compulsory for driving vehicles for hire. Customs documents It required the carnet customs passage for vehicles imported temporarily.More information on the site www.aci.it/index.php?id=2090 Traffic regulations Drive on the left. If you wanted to rent a car on the spot, it is suggested to take disputes exclusively to large and well-known car rental companies avoiding small car rental locations, often unreliable; -It is strongly recommended to take much care in driving especially on dirt roads that are particularly dangerous; -We recommend that you do not exceed the speed of 60-70 km/h because you might be the victims of serious accidents, even fatal for the following reasons: 1) slippery road surface (sand and/or gravel); 2) tire burst risk due to the presence of small crystals on the ground; 3) sudden animal crossing. -It is suggested that: -always check the condition of tires, including the Commons; -check the fuel level because of the great distances between a gas station and the other; -traveling with an escort of water. BAC limit allowed: 0.08% Compulsory equipment Seat belt and child seat: mandatory. Strongly recommended the use of safety belts even if you travel at moderate speed. Helmets for motorcyclists: required. Lights: the use of headlights is obligatory during the day in case of fog or reduction of visibility for lifting of dust into the air while driving on unpaved runways. Internal transport The use of the taxi is not very popular among tourists. There is a bus service. Bus services are reduced. There is the possibility of renting small private aircraft. The most common practice to move comfortably within the country is rent a 4WD with or without driver and the possibility of relying on the operators present in the country to organize custom tours or group visits. The main links with Europe are: Air Namibia from Windhoek to Frankfurt (4 weekly flights) and London (3 flights a week); LTU from Windhoek to Munich and Duesseldorf (2 flights a week) There are also regular connections with Europe which depart from Johannesburg (South Africa). The South Africa is accessible from Namibia with Air Namibia flights, South African Airways and British Airways.

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Languages: English - Italiano

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