Burma ( Myanmar )

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Burma is a country in South Asia and Southeast Asia. Burma is bordered by India, Bangladesh, China, Laos and Thailand. One-third of Burma's total perimeter of 1,930 kilometres (1,200 mi) forms an uninterrupted coastline along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. At 676,578 km2 (261,227 sq mi), it is the 40th largest country in the world and the second largest country in Southeast Asia. Burma is also the 24th most populous country in the world with over 58.8 million people. Burma is home to some of the early civilizations of Southeast Asia including the Pyu and the Mon. In the 9th century, the Burmans of the Kingdom of Nanzhao, entered the upper Irrawaddy valley and, following the establishment of the Pagan Kingdom in 1057, the language and culture of these peoples slowly became dominant in the country. Sometime during this period, Buddhism became the predominant religion of the country. Following the Mongol invasion of Burma in 1287, the kingdom of Pagan fell and a period of control by several warring states emerged. In the second half of the 16th century, the country was reunified by the Taungoo Dynasty which, for a brief period of time, was the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia. The 18th century Konbaung Dynasty ruled over an area that includes modern Burma as well as Manipur in India. In the 19th century, following three Anglo-Burmese Wars, Burma was colonized by Britain. British rule brought social, economic, cultural and administrative changes to the once-feudal society. Since independence in 1948, the country has been in one of the longest running civil wars among the country's myriad ethnic groups that remains unresolved. From 1962 to 2011, the country was under military rule. The military junta was dissolved in 2011 following a general election in 2010 and a civilian government installed. Burma is a resource rich country. However, since the reformations of 1962, the Burmese economy has become one of the least developed in the world. Burma’s GDP stands at $42.953 billion and grows at an average rate of 2.9% annually – the lowest rate of economic growth in the Greater Mekong Subregion. Among others, the EU, United States and Canada have imposed economic sanctions on Burma. Burma's health care system is one of the worst in the world: The World Health Organization ranked Burma at 190th, the worst performing of all countries. The United Nations and several other organizations have reported consistent and systematic human rights violations in the country, including child labour, human trafficking and a lack of freedom of speech.
Capital YANGON
Currency kyat
Country code 0095
Spoken languages ​​ Burmese

necessary, with residual validity not less than the period of validity of the visa. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.


The local hospitals are largely deficient and inadequate equipment outdated and limited availability of medicinal products; Conversely you can count on a good professionalism of some local doctors. Traditional destinations such as Mandalay, Bagan, Inle, Ngpali, Nwe Saung and a few other modest are equipped with medical facilities and some means of relief, while the rest of the country does not have means to deal with emergency situations. The existence of an obsolete telephone network, with line break issues sometimes affects the timeliness of intervention against those who might find themselves in emergency situations. The sanitation of the country is precarious, particularly in outlying areas and Interior for the presence of diseases typical in tropical areas such as Amoeba, tuberculosis, malaria (plasmodium falciparum), dengue, diarrhoea, hepatitis types A and B, cholera and typhoid. There are numerous cases of HIV/AIDS. According to reports from the WHO (World Health Organization), would not be present in the country at the time human cases of bird flu. However, in view of the presence of outbreaks on poultry died in various parts of the country in the recent past, we recommend, as a precautionary measure, to consume meat and birds ' eggs and poultry only well cooked and avoid direct contact with live birds or dead. In case of serious accident or serious illness, we strongly recommend, the return to Italy or the hospitalization at hospitals of Bangkok or Singapore. It is recommended, therefore, to conclude, before embarking on the trip, an insurance policy appropriate to include, in addition to medical expenses also cover possible emergency repatriation or transfer of the sick in another country. In Yangon is on a clinic with foreign medical staff can arrange emergency medical evacuations. Contact SOS INTERNATIONAL CLINIC-Tel.: (0095.1) 66.78.71. For evacuation with SOS International Clinic is essential to ensure that the insurance policy expressly provides. You should also: -undergo a prior opinion anti-malarial drugs, doctor, if you go in rural and inland areas; -submit, after consulting a doctor, vaccinations against: hepatitis A and B (spread among the local population), Japanese encephalitis, typhoid, rabies, diphtheria and tetanus; -do not take water and don't drink milk and drinks of local production, without in any case to add ice; -avoid consuming fresh vegetables and fruits that are not well washed with drinking water; -protect yourself from insect bites (mosquitoes), applying lotions repellents, wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants and sleeping repaired by mosquito nets. It is therefore recommended that you adopt, while staying in the country, preventive measures against mosquito bites shown under the heading "FOCUS" on the home page of this website; -avoid going barefoot for preventing fungal infections or parasites; -avoid bathing in rivers or lakes.


The local telephone network is outdated and often links with the Interior of the country are difficult. GSM International Roaming is not activated in the country and all phones from overseas are unusable. It is prohibited the importation and the use of satellite phones. The cost of an international call are very high. It's good to inquire about rates before making an international call or send an e-mail. The e-mail service is available at major hotels and is under the strict control of government authorities. The use of the Internet and accessing e-mail services international is often banned. Communication privacy is not guaranteed. Lately you can buy refills by phone at a cost of 20 or 50 USD.


The climate is tropical humid with alternation of seasons: -tempered (November to February) -hot (March-May) -rainy (May/June to October).


Licence Visitor licence issued on presentation of the Italian driving licence or international driving licence to the local police in Yangon. Insurance RCA compulsory. Temporary importation of vehicles The carnet is required by Customs passage for vehicles imported temporarily. Transportation: The urban public transport (including taxis) are outdated and in poor state of maintenance. When using taxis is well establish clearly with the taxi drivers and the price target. Please note that taxi drivers often have very poor knowledge of English. The number of accidents caused by reckless driving and failure to comply with driving rules is high. Air connections with Europe: there are direct flights to Europe. Road links: limited road network within the country is in bad shape and worsens during the rainy season. The vehicles are generally lacking insurance. The fuel inside the country can be difficult. Warnings: for Burmese law, every driver involved in an accident with a pawn is always considered guilty. It is recommended, therefore, to avoid contacting driving a car even if you have an international driving licence. It's better to hire a chauffeur-driven car. In case of accident you may want to take a picture and wait for the agents. Generally the police rush quickly on the site of the incidents involving foreigners. On highways is not provided assistance for emergencies (ambulances, first aid centres, etc.). Railway: the railway network is electrified and Burmese service does not reflect the level of Western railways. NET internal area: Please note that domestic flights are operated by four airlines: Air Mandalay, Yangon Airways, Air Bagan and Myanma Airways. Myanma Airways and Air Bagan in recent years have been some accidents, fortunately only in one case with victims (Myanma Airways in 1998). Indications regarding flight safety and reliability of airlines are made available by ENAC (the Italian civil aviation authority) on the site: www.enac.gov.it, as well as through the Toll-free ENAC 800898121.

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