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Montenegro, is a country in Southeastern Europe. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the south-west and is bordered by Croatia to the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest, Serbia to the northeast, Kosovo to the east and Albania to the south-east. Its capital and largest city is Podgorica, while Cetinje is designated as the Prijestonica, meaning the former Royal Capital City.

In the 10th century, there existed three Slavic principalities on the territory of Montenegro: Duklja, roughly corresponding to the southern half, Travunia, the west, and Rascia, the north. In 1042, archon Stefan Vojislav led a revolt that resulted in the independence of Duklja and the establishment of the Vojislavljević dynasty. Duklja reached its zenith under Vojislav's son, Mihailo (1046–81), and his son Bodin (1081–1101). By the 13th century, Zeta had replaced Duklja when referring to the realm. In the late 14th century, southern Montenegro (Zeta) came under the rule of the Balšić noble family, then the Crnojević noble family, and by the 15th century, Zeta was more often referred to as Crna Gora (Venetian: monte negro). As the Crnojević dynasty disintegrated, Montenegro was ruled by its Bishops until 1696, and then by the House of Petrović-Njegoš until 1918. From 1918, it was a part of Yugoslavia. On the basis of an independence referendum held on 21 May 2006, Montenegro declared independence on 3 June of that year.

Montenegro is classified by the World Bank as a middle-income country. Montenegro is a member of the UN, the World Trade Organization, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Council of Europe, the Central European Free Trade Agreement and a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean. Montenegro is currently an official candidate for membership in the European Union and official candidate for membership of NATO.

Montenegro has both a picturesque coast and a mountainous northern region. The country was a well-known tourist spot in the 1980s. Yet, the Yugoslav wars that were fought in neighbouring countries during the 1990s crippled the tourist industry and destroyed the image of Montenegro as a tourist destination.

The Montenegrin Adriatic coast is 295 km (183 mi) long, with 72 km (45 mi) of beaches, and with many well-preserved ancient old towns. National Geographic Traveler (edited once in decade) features Montenegro among the "50 Places of a Lifetime", and Montenegrin seaside Sveti Stefan was used as the cover for the magazine. The coast region of Montenegro is considered one of the great new "discoveries" among world tourists. In January 2010, The New York Times ranked the Ulcinj South Coast region of Montenegro, including Velika Plaza, Ada Bojana, and the Hotel Mediteran of Ulcinj, as among the "Top 31 Places to Go in 2010" as part of a worldwide ranking of tourism destinations. Montenegro was also listed in "10 Top Hot Spots of 2009" to visit by Yahoo Travel, describing it as "Currently ranked as the second fastest growing tourism market in the world (falling just behind China)". It is listed every year by prestigious tourism guides like Lonely Planet as top touristic destination along with Greece, Spain and other world touristic places.

It was not until the 2000s that the tourism industry began to recover, and the country has since experienced a high rate of growth in the number of visits and overnight stays. The Government of Montenegro has set the development of Montenegro as an elite tourist destination a top priority. It is a national strategy to make tourism a major contributor to the Montenegrin economy. A number of steps were taken to attract foreign investors. Some large projects are already under way, such as Porto Montenegro, while other locations, like Jaz Beach, Buljarica, Velika Plaža and Ada Bojana, have perhaps the greatest potential to attract future investments and become premium tourist spots on the Adriatic.
Capital Podgorica
Currency Euro
Country code 00382
Spoken languages ​​ Montenegrin
Passport

Citizens of EU countries can enter Montenegro with only identity card "is valid for foreign travel or, Alternatively, the" Passport ", and stay up to 90 days. For stays of more than 90 days, you must go to the police station nearest to any extension, which must be justified and supported by valid arguments. No other identification document or identity, however, is valid for entry into Montenegro.

Health

The preparation of medical staff and health care is generally quite level. However at home healthcare facilities are currently lacking in equipment, service and availability of medicinal products of last generation. Increasing the availability of medicinal products in pharmacies, readily available in larger cities and coastline. For those who need special medicines, you should prepare a proper escort to its requirements. No special hygienic-sanitary precautions to follow. It's good to take the prescribed form for health services in Montenegro at the ASL. Please note that payment of any medical care is required in cash. We recommend that you take out, before embarking on your trip, health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other Country. WARNINGS We do not recommend consuming homemade grappa (called "rakija"). Tap water is usually potable. There are particular difficulties for sanitary repatriations except from the country's inland areas, often poorly connected with the main arteries of communication.

Telephony

There are no restrictions with regard to the introduction of mobile phones. The reception is good in large and medium-sized urban centres and along major roads. Within the country, however, there are still some areas that are not covered. Are present in the country three mobile networks, T-Mobile, Telenor and M-tel that have roaming agreements with leading Italian mobile phone company.

Climate

Typically continental, with hot summers and frequent snowfall during the winter months. Frequent winter freezes which make it dangerous to road traffic. Mediterranean climate on the coast, with frequent sciroccate.

Viability

Licence: the licence is recognised. Insurance For Italian citizens is simply have the ' green card ' valid. It is advisable to check before departure that the form of the "green card" that you hold is valid also for Montenegro (checking that box on this Village is not ticked: see the SCG or MNE for newer cards). The motorist who enters the country without "green card" will be required to take out a short-term insurance to the Montenegrin border. Delegation to conduct Remember to not own a car, guide to have an owner's delegation signed notarized at the municipality or a notary. Compulsory equipment Seat belts mandatory, prohibited the use of cell phones while driving. Use of low-beam headlamps mandatory day both in town and out. Obligation to keep aboard the triangle (2 in the case of a vehicle with trailer), first aid case and replacement bulbs. BAC The concentration of alcohol in the blood of whoever leads vehicles must be less than 0.05%. If a medical examination proves that the driver's abilities are affected by alcohol, he stumbles into the related sanctions regardless of BAC. A professional driver cannot consume alcohol in working hours. Anyone who is suspected of driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs must undergo a blood alcohol content test or a medical examination. Roadside assistance and traffic information: AMSCG (Automobile Club of Montenegro) Rimski trg, 81000 Podgorica 60 – Tel: +382 20234999 – ic_amscg@t-com.me. Service information in Italian and English. LINKS Aircraft. The country has two airports, Podgorica (Golubovci 20 +382 243007) and Tivat (+382 32 670960), on the coast. The website of both is http://www.montenegroairports.com/ From Podgorica and Rome there are three direct flights a week; There are also scheduled flights between Italy and Montenegro with a stopover in Vienna, Belgrade, Ljubljana, Zagreb and-less frequently-other European airports. National airline: Montenegro Airlines www.montenegroairlines.com Other airports nearby Dubrovnik airport in Croatia, and Albania: Tirana, are reachable by car or taxi. Rail: trains, night and day, even with car transport, Bar and Podgorica to Belgrade (Serbia) and Subotica (Serbia, on the border with Hungary) and vice versa. The train trip between Belgrade and Bar is long (about 8 hours), but scenic. There are direct train connections. Montenegro joins the INTERRAIL. National railways: Zeljeznica Crne Gore ad, Golootočkih Trg zrtava 81000 Podgorica, 13, tel: 20441302, fax: +382 +382 20633957. http://www.zcg-prevoz.me/ From Podgorica railway station: +382 20 633663 Bar station: +382 30312210, 311061 Station of Bijelo Polje: +382 50478560 By ship: regular ferries between Bari and Bar (twice a week) and summer-only between Ancona and Bar. Information at: "Morfimare", Corso De Tullio 36, 70122 Bari, Tel. 080 5789812. www.morfimare.it Buses connect with the Montenegro capital and major cities of neighbouring countries. Bus stations: -Podgorica: +382 20620430 Budva: +382-33441600 +382 40-Niksic: 21067 It is however useful and necessary to consult the internet for alternative routes and more information. Journey by car. The journey by car is made easier since the highway was opened linking the Croatian border in Northern Croatia (Director of Trieste-Rijeka) with the town of Makarska (South of split). The road from Makarska to the Montenegrin border is normally very busy during the summer season. You can alternatively take provincial road parallel to the coast, inland. Available unleaded petrol, diesel and LPG gas.

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