Mayan ruins on a Mexico beach

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is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost two million square kilometres (over 760,000 sq mi), Mexico is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the thirteenth largest independent nation in the world. With an estimated population of over 112 million, it is the eleventh most populous country and the most populous Spanish-speaking country. Mexico is a federation comprising thirty-one states and a Federal District, the capital city. In Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica many cultures matured into advanced civilizations such as the Olmec, the Toltec, the Teotihuacan, the Zapotec, the Maya and the Aztec before the first contact with Europeans. In 1521, Spain conquered and colonized the territory from its base in México-Tenochtitlan, which was administered as the Viceroyalty of New Spain. This territory would eventually become Mexico as the colony's independence was recognized in 1821. The post-independence period was characterized by economic instability, the Mexican-American War and territorial cession to the United States, a civil war, two empires and a domestic dictatorship. The latter led to the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country's current political system. Elections held in July 2000 marked the first time that an opposition party won the presidency from the Institutional Revolutionary Party. Mexico has one of the world's largest economies, and is considered both a regional power and middle power. In addition, Mexico was the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OECD (since 1994), and a firmly established upper-middle income country. Mexico is considered a newly industrialized country and an emerging power. It has the thirteenth largest nominal GDP and the eleventh largest by purchasing power parity. The economy is strongly linked to those of its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, especially the United States. Mexico ranks fifth in the world and first in the Americas by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites with 31, and in 2007 was the tenth most visited country in the world with 21.4 million international arrivals per year.

Capital CITTA' DEL MESSICO
Currency Peso messicano (MXN)
Country code 0052
Spoken languages ​​ Spanish, Amerindian dialects
Passport

necessary, with residual validity of at least six months at the time of entry into the country. For any changes to this rule, we recommend that you inquire beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Almost all public health facilities does not reflect European standards and is not provided for by national law any form of public assistance to foreign nationals. Private medical facilities (ranging from a good level for a mid-level) provide all kinds of assistance and care, but are extremely expensive. We recommend that you take out, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical expenses, even if air emergency medical repatriation or transfer in any other country. Mexico City suffers from a chronic and heavy pollution. During the dry season (November to may), indexes of ozone and particulate contaminants in the atmosphere reach very high spikes. Are, therefore, very frequent respiratory infections, burning eyes, headaches and nausea. Then, in the capital because of the altitude and the high rate of pollution, caution is advised if you have cardio-circulatory problems and breathing. There is a modest malarial risk so much on the Pacific coast on the Gulf. Recently there have been numerous cases of "dengue" in coastal areas near settlements with strong social exclusion, but also near tourist resorts on the Pacific coast (especially in the area of Acapulco). It is advisable to adopt, while staying in the country, preventive measures against mosquito bites shown under the heading "FOCUS" on the home page of this site. WARNINGS Recommended after medical opinion, the following vaccinations: hepatitis A and B, salmonella, smallpox. In various parts of the country are periodically reported epidemic of conjunctivitis (Tabasco, Yucatan, Chiapas), virus of the Nile (Sonora and Chihuahua) and "dengue" (Sinaloa, Baja California, Quintana Roo, Acapulco). There is a risk of cholera in rural areas of the country, on the outskirts of the capital and in major urban areas. The most common danger, however, is that of contracting infections such as hepatitis (A and B), Amoeba and salmonella, caused by the consumption of food (especially fruits, vegetables and seafood). You may also want to: -avoid drinking tap water, bottled drinks; -do not use ice; -do not make use of foods for sale along the streets; -disinfect fresh vegetables and fruit; -eat meat only if well cooked.

Telephony

In Mexico the network operates the AMPS. The GSM network was introduced recently in the country. You can rent mobile phones. In Mexico City (d.f.) it is prohibited to use a cell phone while driving.

Climate

Mexico is a Country the sub-tropical and presents a great variety of climates that can relate to three types: -Desert and semi desert: in some States in the North of the country (Baja California Sur, Sonora, Durango, etc.) with rainfall, daytime high temperature and low temperature at night; -Tempered: on the plateau above 2000 meters above sea level (Mexico City, Puebla, Toluca, San Luis Potosi, Aguascalientes, etc.). In winter, the climate is very dry (beginning December), pleasant temperature during daylight hours and nighttime thermal excursion Fort (20ºc at midday, 5/6th C at dawn). In the spring there is little precipitation, temperature continues to rise (30º C 25/day; 15/20ºc). In summer rainfall – afternoon and night – generally are plentiful and moderate climate, with a gradual lowering of temperature from September to December. On the plateau (Guadalajara, Cuernavaca, between 1,200 and 1,500 meters above sea level) there is a hot tempered. -Tropical: present on all the coasts and to the South of Mexico City. The temperature is high during the winter months (25/30º C) and very high in the rest of the year (35/40º C), with rain in the summer months and possible cyclonic phenomena (hurricanes) from June to October.

Viability

Licence If you are driving a national car own; International registered mail if you rent a car (model 1949 Geneva Convention or Vienna 1968) Car insurance The foreign insurance policies are not valid in Mexico. Short-term insurance: you can take out a short-term insurance for a day or a week at a price of 10-20 US $ per day. You can take out this type of insurance is before arriving in Mexico who at the border. Vehicles imported temporarily with/without customs documents It is not required any customs document for temporary importation of vehicles in Baja California or in the range of 25 miles from the border between the u.s. and Mexico. For more information: Douane mexicaine-Centre de services Avenida Hidalgo 77, módulo IV, DRC Colonia Guerrero Delegación Cuauhtémoc México DF (de lundi à vendredi de 3:0 pm et de 9:0 à à 4:0 pm 6:0 pm) e-mail: aduana.mexico.usuariosweb2@sat.gob.mx Internet: http://www.aduanas.sat.gob.mx/ Driving rules Direction of travel: a guide to the right, overtake on the left. Overtaking is not permitted in low visibility conditions, for example in the run-up to a curve or less than 30 m from a cross or a level crossing. The use of the Horn is forbidden in Mexico City, Mexico; the rest of the country is allowed in case of need. In the Distrito Federal of Mexico is allowed to turn right at the red light. The night from 23 to 5, intersections regulated by traffic lights, drivers can go through red light after having established that the road is free. Compulsory equipment Safety belts and child seats for children: in the region of Mexico City (d.f.) is required to wear seat belts on all seats of the car. It is prohibited to carry children under 5 years on the front seats. Helmets for motorcyclists: Department of Mexico City (d.f.) is mandatory to wear a helmet to ride a moped, a motorcycle or a motorized tricycle. Lights: all motorised vehicles two/three wheels must have 24-hour headlights switched on 24. This requirement extends to all vehicles in case of poor visibility. Triangle: In the event of an emergency, the triangle should be placed at least 20 m. from the vehicle in urban area and more than 100 m. in the countryside. Alcohol in blood For those who wish to drive a motor vehicle, please note that often the police making checks, even in cities, to measure the driver's BAC. Limit allowed: 0,08% 0.05% for drivers of vehicles intended for the carriage of goods, lightweight 0.00% for drivers of commercial vehicles for passenger transport Tracking tests: the police can stop any driver suspected of being intoxicated. If the test result shows that your BAC exceeds the permitted limit, the driver is fined and detained for a period from 12 to 36 hours in an ad hoc Centre, while the driver's license is suspended for 15 days. Transport The network of domestic air routes is basically trustworthy. This allows you to reach the most distant points of Mexico, avoiding long routes on roads are not always available. The circuit bus is very extended, but not always reliable. It is recommended, therefore, to use bus "first category" (called "de Luxe"). The railway network, definitely obsolete, is used almost exclusively for the carriage of goods. The railway line is no longer used by tourists is the "Chichuahua – Los Mochis, which crosses the barranca del cobre". For those who wish to drive a motor vehicle, please note that often the police making checks, even in cities, to measure the driver's BAC. Tracking tests: the police can stop any driver suspected of being intoxicated. If the test result shows that your BAC exceeds the permitted limit, the driver is fined and detained for a period which can extend up to 48 hours in an ad hoc Centre, while the driver's license is suspended for 15 days.

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