Mauritania

       
Nouakchott's Saudi mosque

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is a country in the Maghreb and West Africa. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in the west, by Western Sahara in the north, by Algeria in the northeast, by Mali in the east and southeast, and by Senegal in the southwest. It is named after the ancient Berber Kingdom of Mauretania, which later became a province of the Roman Empire, even though the modern state covers a territory far to the southwest of the old kingdom. The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast. The government of Mauritania was overthrown on 6 August 2008, in a military coup d'état led by General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz. On 16 April 2009, General Aziz resigned from the military to run for president in the 19 July elections, which he won. In Mauritania about 20% of the population live on less than US$1.25 per day.

Capital NOUAKCHOTT
Currency Ouguiya
Country code 00222
Spoken languages ​​ Arabic, French
Passport

necessary. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

The health situation is typical of a developing country with a high incidence of infectious diseases. The health facilities are lacking. It is possible that the medications purchased on-site will be forged. It is recommended, therefore, to conclude, before embarking on the trip, an international insurance policy that includes in addition to the coverage of medical expenses also possible emergency repatriation; and to bring with them from Italy psychotropic drugs need specialist. Warnings We recommend that you: • prior medical opinion, vaccination against hepatitis A and B, tetanus, meningitis and yellow fever. Anti-malarial drugs is essential throughout the year for people who had to go to the border with Senegal, and is recommended in the period July-December for the rest of the country. • drink only bottled water and drinks without the addition of ice; use bottled or boiled water for oral hygiene; • consume well-cooked foods while avoiding vegetables and raw vegetables and products subject to poor conservation.

Telephony

There is a cellular network with three operators but not total coverage.

Climate

The 80% of the country is desert. the average temperature is 25° with strong daily and seasonal changes. The warmest month is September with 24° -34°, the coldest month is December 13° -28°; rainfall is irregular.

Viability

Licence Italian (for 6 months). Temporary importation of vehicles required customs carnet. It is also possible that the owner of the car, will be required to sign a declaration "enagement sur l'honneur" with which he undertakes not to sell his car during his stay in the country. The above statement is, in effect, allowed the circulation for a specified period and may be renewed, subject to charges, customs or other border points. Car insurance Rc mandatory. Transportation: 704 miles of single-track railroad, owned by the State-owned company mines; 7,660 km of roads, of which 866 paved; It leads to Nuadhibou and Nouakchott; 8 airports with paved runway, of which 3 with runway length between 2,500 and 3000 metres. Although the roads are generally in good condition, you should pay attention to the sand along the sides of the road, animal crossing and taxis-brousse, which often cause accidents. Links with Europe: the connections are secured by 4 weekly Air France flights to Paris.

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