Mali

       
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is a landlocked country in Western Africa. Mali borders Algeria on the north, Niger on the east, Burkina Faso and the Côte d'Ivoire on the south, Guinea on the south-west, and Senegal and Mauritania on the west. Its size is just over 1,240,000 km² with a population of 14.5 million. Its capital is Bamako. Mali consists of eight regions and its borders on the north reach deep into the middle of the Sahara, while the country's southern region, where the majority of inhabitants live, features the Niger and Sénégal rivers. The country's economic structure centers around agriculture and fishing. Some of Mali's natural resources are gold, uranium, livestock,and salt. Present-day Mali was once part of three West African empires that controlled trans-Saharan trade: the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire (from which Mali is named), and the Songhai Empire. In the late 19th century, during the Scramble for Africa, France seized control of Mali making it a part of French Sudan. French Sudan (then known as the Sudanese Republic) joined with Senegal in 1959, achieving independence in 1960 as the Mali Federation. Shortly thereafter, following Senegal's withdrawal from the federation, the Sudanese Republic declared itself the independent Republic of Mali. After a long period of one-party rule, a 1991 coup led to the writing of a new constitution and the establishment of Mali as a democratic, multi-party state. About half the population live below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day.

Capital BAMAKO
Currency Franco C.F.A.
Country code 00223
Spoken languages ​​ French, Bambara
Passport

necessary. For any changes to this rule you should inquire in advance at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

The health situation is typical of a developing country with a significant incidence of infectious diseases. Are recurrent outbreaks of meningitis and cholera and healthcare facilities are lacking. If necessary, you may want to turn to public facilities that are the most reliable two University Hospitals of Bamako Point G and Gabriel Touré. Mali has a strong incidence of malaria during the hottest periods of the year. It is necessary to assess the possibility of antimalarial treatment prior to departure and/or during your stay. The incidence of AIDS is not particularly significant. The most dangerous Bilharzia infection, you can contract while taking a bath in river waters. We recommend that you take out before embarking on the trip, an international insurance policy that includes in addition to the coverage of medical expenses also possible emergency repatriation. WARNINGS We recommend that you: -to perform, after consulting a doctor, vaccinations against hepatitis A and B, tetanus and meningitis, and anti-malarial drugs; -to drink only bottled water and bottled drinks without adding ice. -be careful with drugs bought on the spot, given the strong impact of the phenomenon of counterfeit drugs in West Africa.

Telephony

There is a cellular network. There are no roaming agreements.

Climate

tropical and desert. Hottest months: March-June with average temperature of 35°/45°. Coldest month: December 20°/28°. During the hot and dry season, temperatures reaching 40° in the South of the country and 45°/50° North.

Viability

Licence italiana. Insurance It is necessary to conclude an agreement with a local company. Temporary importation of vehicles It required the carnet customs passage for vehicles imported temporarily. Links with Europe: the links are guaranteed, among others, 6 weekly flights by Air France to Paris.

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