Malaysia

       
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is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia. It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories and has a total landmass of 329,847 square kilometres (127,350 sq mi) separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized regions, Peninsular Malaysia and Malaysian Borneo. Land borders are shared with Thailand, Indonesia, and Brunei, and maritime borders exist with Singapore, Vietnam, and the Philippines. The capital city is Kuala Lumpur, while Putrajaya is the seat of the federal government. In 2010 the population exceeded 27.5 million, with over 20 million living on the Peninsula. Malaysia has its origins in the Malay Kingdoms present in the area which, from the 18th century, became subject to the British Empire. The first British territories were known as the Straits Settlements, whose establishment was followed by the Malay kingdoms becoming British protectorates. The territories on Peninsular Malaysia were first unified as the Malayan Union in 1946. Malaya was restructured as the Federation of Malaya in 1948, and achieved independence on 31 August 1957. Malaya united with Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore on 16 September 1963, with si being added to give the new country the name Malaysia. However, less than two years later in 1965, Singapore was expelled from the federation. Since independence, Malaysia has had one of the best economic records in Asia, with GDP growing an average 6.5% for almost 50 years. The economy has traditionally been fuelled by its natural resources, but is expanding in the sectors of science, tourism, commerce and medical tourism. The country is multi-ethnic and multi-cultural, which plays a large role in politics. The government system is closely modelled on the Westminster parliamentary system and the legal system is based on English Common Law. The constitution declares Islam the state religion while protecting freedom of religion. The head of state is the King, known as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong. He is an elected monarch chosen from the hereditary rulers of the nine Malay states every five years. The head of government is the Prime Minister. Malaysia contains the southernmost point of continental Eurasia, Tanjung Piai. Located in the tropics, it is a megadiverse country, with large numbers of endemic flora and fauna. It is a founding member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, and a member of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the Non-Aligned Movement.

Capital KUALA LUMPUR
Currency Ringgit o dollaro malesiano
Country code 0060
Spoken languages ​​ bahasa melayu
Passport

Passport: needed, with residual validity of at least six months at the time of departure for Malaysia. To go to the neighbouring Indonesia from Malaysia is equally must be holders of a passport with validity of at least six months remaining on departure.

Health

The private health service level is higher than that of the public sector. In principle, you can take all the care on the spot. However, serious problems and possible surgery, it is advisable to return to Italy. It is therefore recommended to leave having signed a health insurance that includes coverage for any medical expenses and repatriation by air of the sick. There are no problems for the procurement of medicines locally. Is the applicant, even in cities, "dengue fever, caused by the bite of Aedes Aegypti" mosquitoes "breed in pools of stagnant water and marshy areas. The "dengue", in its most common form, it's a disease very similar to flu. The symptoms are variable and rather generic: headache, high fever, aching muscles and joints. The haemorrhagic form of dengue, however less frequent, is the most severe and potentially deadly. It is recommended in regard to adopt appropriate preventive measures (product use repellents insect stings, wear suitable clothing, staying in air-conditioned or screened sites etc.) In cases of suspected "dengue", you must contact immediately to a doctor or a hospital. It should be noted that, without prior medical consultation, should be avoided taking medications and, in particular, must be avoided antipyretics based on acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) which could promote the anti-coagulant appearance or determine the aggravation of hemorrhagic manifestations. It is advisable to adopt, while staying in the country, preventive measures against mosquito bites shown under the heading "FOCUS" on the home page of this site. There are also cases of hepatitis periodically and Japanese encephalitis, mosquito transmitted disease "culex" present in almost all South-East Asia. Air pollution (HAZE)-connected to fires that occur periodically in the forests and fields in Indonesia and more limited in certain places in Malaysia itself-is a recurrent phenomenon, whose intensity varies according to the number and extent of fires and weather conditions at the time (wind direction, rainfall). Health consequences may be more or less severe and vary, inter alia, depending on the specific conditions of atmospheric area where we are located and the conditions of health of the person concerned. We recommend that you check the situation on the spot before embarking on a trip. It also suggests to consult a doctor prior to departure. This applies particularly to the so-called category of travelers "at risk", such as the elderly, asthmatics, children, persons suffering from cardiac diseases and pregnant women. WARNINGS -It is advisable to conclude, before embarking on your trip, health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or the transfer of sick in another country. -You should pay attention to food as the sanitation conditions in general are not necessarily optimal in all the land. Must be carefully washed the raw vegetables, avoiding every food of questionable provenance. It is also advisable to drink mineral water and bottled drinks and do not add ice in drinks. -After consulting doctor, we recommend vaccinations against hepatitis, anti-malaria prophylaxis and vaccination against cholera (these last two if you must bear in the forests of Borneo).

Telephony

The cellular network is functioning throughout the national territory with good coverage.

Climate

The country has a tropical climate, hot and humid, with continuous torrential rain and during the period from August to January (monsoon). The temperature during the year ranges between 30 and 35 degrees Celsius. There is a slight difference between the West Coast (where the rainy season lasts from October to December) and East Borneo (where the rainy season lasts from October to February).

Viability

Licence Italian licence is recognized for a maximum period of 180 days. Car insurance Short-term insurance: foreigners arriving in Malaysia without insurance recognized must purchase short-term insurance for a minimum of 3 months. Documents for vehicles imported temporarily The carnet is required by Customs passage for vehicles imported temporarily.A vehicle imported temporarily by a visitor in Malaysia (with or without a carnet) can stay up for 90 days, with the possibility of extension for an additional 90 days. At the end of this period (180 days total) the vehicle is exported or nationalized. At the time of nationalization will pay fees and charges. Driving rules Direction of travel: a guide to left, overtaking on the right. Compulsory equipment -Helmets for motorcyclists: required. -Seatbelts: required wear them on the front and rear seats -Triangle: compulsory for vehicles in: -weight freight sup. 3,455 Kg -public and private service with more than 16 seats -tractors and tractor unladen weight sup. 1,524 Kg -trailers and semi trailers with an unladen weight sup. 762 Kg. -Fire extinguisher and first aid case: recommended on private vehicles. Alcohol in blood The permitted limit of 0.08%. Detection tests are performed randomly. Links with Europe: direct links with Italy take place four times a week (Malaysia Airlines). Transport in General The Malaysia has a good road network. The highway that goes from the Thai border to Singapore makes it very fast and comfortable travel North-South in the western part of the country. Road transport in Kuala Lumpur is facilitated by a Metro system (partly elevated) and fast trains to the suburbs. Taxis (metered at all) are cheap, but hard to find in some peak hours. There are radio taxi services. Traffic in cities is heavy only in a few hours and on rainy days when Malaysia is subject. Driving while intoxicated is a gross misdemeanor punishable with high fines or prison sentences. The cost of gasoline is lower than in Italy.

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