Malawi

       
Lilongwe

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is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland. It is bordered by Zambia to the northwest, Tanzania to the northeast, and Mozambique on the east, south and west. The country is separated from Tanzania and Mozambique by Lake Malawi. Malawi is over 118,000 km2 (45,560 sq mi) with an estimated population of more than 13,900,000. Its capital is Lilongwe, the largest city is Blantyre and the second largest city is Mzuzu. The name Malawi comes from the Maravi, an old name of the Nyanja people that inhabit the area. The country is also nicknamed, "The Warm Heart of Africa". The area of Africa now known as Malawi was colonized by migrating tribes of Bantu around the 10th century. In 1891 the area was colonized again, this time by the British. In 1953 Malawi, then known as Nyasaland, became part of the semi-independent Central African Federation (CAF). The Federation was dissolved in 1963 and in 1964, Nyasaland gained full independence and was renamed Malawi. Upon gaining independence it became a single-party state under the presidency of Hastings Banda, who remained president until 1994, when he was ousted from power. Bingu Mutharika, elected in 2004, is the current president. Malawi has a democratic, multi-party government. Malawi has a small military force that includes an army, a navy and an air wing. Malawi's foreign policy is pro-Western and includes positive diplomatic relations with most countries and participation in several international organizations. Malawi is among the world's least developed countries. The economy is heavily based in agriculture, with a largely rural population. The Malawian government depends heavily on outside aid to meet development needs, although this need (and the aid offered) has decreased since 2000. The Malawian government faces challenges in building and expanding the economy, improving education, health care, environmental protection, and becoming financially independent. Malawi has several programs developed since 2005 that focus on these issues, and the country's outlook appears to be improving, with improvements in economic growth, education and healthcare seen in 2007 and 2008. Malawi has a low life expectancy and high infant mortality. There is a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS, which is a drain on the labor force and government expenditures, and is expected to have a significant impact on gross domestic product (GDP) by 2010. There is a diverse population of native peoples, Asians and Europeans, with several languages spoken and an array of religious beliefs. Although there was tribal conflict in the past, by 2008 it had diminished considerably and the concept of a Malawian nationality had begun to form. Malawi has a culture combining native and colonial aspects, including sports, art, dance and music.

Capital LILONGWE
Currency Kwacha (MK)
Country code 00265
Spoken languages ​​ english
Passport

Passport: needed, ongoing validity. For any changes to this rule, we recommend that you inquire beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

Healthcare facilities, even in the major cities, are inadequate and far below the average level. We recommend that you take out, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. Widespread diseases, even in major cities, are: Aids, malaria and bilharzia.

Telephony

Healthcare facilities, even in the major cities, are inadequate and far below the average level. We recommend that you take out, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country. Widespread diseases, even in major cities, are: Aids, malaria and bilharzia.

Climate

Malawi is located on a plateau of about 1100 m. above sea level and has a warm humid in the rainy season (late October to April), dry and warm during the rest of the year.

Viability

Licence Italiana Car insurance You must take out civil liability insurance at the border. Temporary importation of vehicles Recommended the "carnet customs passage for vehicles imported temporarily. Transport: public transport more in use in major cities are minibuses but are not recommended as unreliable from the point of view of maintenance. In addition, drivers are often inexperienced and have a dangerous driving. The coaches of some private companies that connect the major cities are quite safe. It is not recommended the use of the train. Air connections: there are airlines about three weekly flights to Europe and they are: British Airways, KLM/Kenya Airways (with a stopover in Nairobi), Ethiopian Airways (with a stopover in Addis Ababa). South African Airways in some periods of the year directly from Johannesburg to Milan.

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Languages: English - Italiano

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