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 is a country in southern Africa bordered by Namibia on the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the north, and Zambia on the east; its west coast is on the Atlantic Ocean with Luanda as its capital city. The exclave province of Cabinda has borders with the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The Portuguese were present in some—mostly coastal—points of the territory of what is now Angola, from the 16th to the 19th century, interacting in diverse ways with the peoples that lived there. In the 19th century they slowly and hesitantly began to establish themselves in the interior. Angola as a Portuguese colony encompassing the present territory was not established before the end of the 19th century, and "effective occupation", as required by the Berlin Conference (1884) was achieved only by the 1920s. Independence was achieved in 1975, after a protracted liberation war. After independence, Angola was the scene of an intense civil war from 1975 to 2002. The country has vast mineral and petroleum reserves, and its economy has grown on average at a two-digit pace since the 1990s, and especially since the end of the civil war. However, its level of human development is rather low, and its life expectancy and infant mortality rates are both among the worst-ranked in the world.

Capital LUANDA
Currency Nuovo Kwanza (AON)
Country code 00244
Spoken languages ​​

Official language: Portuguese, national languages: kikongo, kimbundo, chokwe, mbunda, luvale, nhanheca, gangela


Documentation required for entry into the country Passport: needed, with survival of at least 6 months. We recommend that you bring a notarized photocopy of passport and visa affixed therein, issued by the Angolan Embassy in Rome, to avoid problems with local authorities in case of controls. It should be noted also that in order to get the work visa, family reunification or residence, it is advisable that your Passport has at least five free pages and a minimum of two years. For any changes to this rule you should inquire in advance at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent. Travel abroad of minors: Please check the Focus: "before leaving/documents for travel abroad of minors" on the home page of this site. Visa: required. Ordinary visa: issued for family reasons, travel, science, business, or pleasure. It is valid for an entry and allows you to stay in the country for a maximum period of 30 days; must be used within 60 days from the date of issue. You must apply at the Embassy of Angola in Rome with at least 15 days in advance. Work visa: allows entry into the country to exercise a specific occupation; It allows multiple entry into Angolan territory and allows you to stay up to one year, extendable according to need. Must be used within 60 days of its concession. The Angolan Embassy in Rome sends the request to the EMS ("Migraçao and Servico Estrangeiros", Department of the Ministry of the Interior), which employs a minimum time of 45 days for the answer. The visa is valid for a specific period of time, which depends on the country of origin. Transit visa: issued to those who are in transit for Angola to reach the final destination. It has a maximum duration of 5 days and must be used by the date indicated on the visa. Those staying in Angola with an expired visa is punished with fines and possible detention; After 30 days you add a fixed fine of 500 USD. Illegal immigration laws have been revised and in 2008 the Ministry of the Interior (border police) reported 3500 cases of arrests. Mandatory vaccinations: yellow fever. Border authorities maintain tight controls on the validity of the certificate. Currency and customs formalities: the entrance is required to report the possession of foreign currency than USD 15,000. Such customs declaration is the only tool that permits to leave the Country carrying a lower currency amount stated at the entrance. It is forbidden to leave Angola with local currency. Angola's economy has undergone in recent years, a strong influence of the dollar, so it is advisable to bring us dollars especially those of last series. The change should be done always at a bank or at authorized exchange offices; the change made on the street is illegal. Banking hours are as follows: from Monday to Friday from 8.00 a.m. to 15.00 hours. The use of credit cards is rapidly spreading at all major shopping malls and big hotels.


Hygienic-sanitary conditions in general do not have European standards and are not comparable to those of neighbouring countries such as Namibia and South Africa, whose standards are much higher. In the outskirts of Luanda, there are numerous overcrowded slums. The water delivered by the plumbing is not drinkable and can only be used for the toilets and for irrigation. The Urban sewer system is non-existent and semiperiferiche areas are open sewers and waste land. The main endemic diseases include cholera, malaria, hepatitis, typhoid, paratyphoid fever, yellow fever, parasitosis, trypanosomiasis, tuberculosis, polio and meningitis. Rabies is a disease widespread in the country; in 2009 many cases were registered, with 65 deaths. In case of need, we recommend that you contact the following hospitals, among the most reliable of Luanda: Sagrada Esperanca Clinic-(Emergency Service 24 hours on 24) Rua Mortala Mohamed, Ilha de Luanda, Luanda Tel: + 244-222-309034/309204/309688/309360 Fax: + 244-222-309033 Cell: + 244-9-501348/9 -Military hospital Rua D. Manuel I, Sagrada Familia, Luanda Tel: + 244-222-322315 Fax: + 244-222-325967 E-mail: -Clinic "Girassol" Avenida Revolucion de Kifangondo, Otubro Martiri di Mucipio da Maianga, Luanda Phone: 266 6984400 Website: Warnings We recommend that you: adopt stringent hygiene precautions, in particular with regard to food; drink only bottled drinks (controlling the closure), without adding ice; consume well-cooked food; carefully wash fruits and vegetables.


There is a landline Angola Telecom which is public and two mobile phone networks, a public (Movicel) and another private (Unitel) covering the main provincial capitals. The system is working "roaming" private mobile network that uses the European system.


throughout the country there are two seasons: the dry season, called cacimbo (winter, from 15 May to 15 August), cooler, with average temperatures of 23-24° C which can go up to 5-10° C in the inner areas and high plateau; the rainy season (das chuvas, summer), with a concentration of precipitation mainly in two periods, December-January and March-April, characterized by average temperatures of 27-28° c. The average annual temperature in Luanda is 25° c. The coast has an average humidity of 85% and an average annual temperature greater than 23° C; the northern regions are characterized by abundant precipitation and tropical climate, more humid than southern ones, and where there are lower temperatures during the winter months; Highland areas is more dry season with lower temperatures while the Southwest is less humid.


Licence: the licence of Angola is required (valid for the whole SADC). The Italian driver's license can be used for a maximum period of 30 days. Transport in General: to reach Angola from Italy there is no direct air link. Airlines that link Luanda are Air France (via Paris), British Airways (via London), Lufthansa (Frankfurt), Ethiopian Airlines (Addis Ababa), Brussels Airlines (Brussels), Emirates (via Dubai), South African Airlines (Johannesburg), TAP (Lisbon) and TAAG (Lisbon). Given the vastness of the country, the absence of railway (excluding short routes) and repair works of road infrastructures currently underway, is fairly widespread internal airport network. All provincial capitals have airports, often in very precarious conditions and with a lot of flexibility in hours: sometimes the flights are canceled or delayed even by one or more days. As regards maritime communications, there is only one Italian società di navigazione, GRIMALDI, who travels on Luanda, from Hamburg, via Portugal, without having from the Mediterranean. Other companies (MSC, Delmas) carrying goods from major Italian ports. The rail network of the country is still in a State of decay; However, are planned in the coming years, remedial measures, including a possible use for the purpose of tourism. The only routes now are: Lobito-active; Namibe-Lubango; Luanda-Malanje direction Viana. The road network is rapidly evolving with the restoration of the main interprovincial. Outside the towns there are roads to more than two lanes and only recently built roads carry a road surface of acceptable quality. Service stations, limited to urban areas, are much lower in number than necessary, so much so that often form long queues, even several hours, for bunkering. It is therefore absolutely essential that we have the necessary fuel reserves and some spare wheels before moving out of residential areas. It is always advisable, in case are made trips in the provinces, with more cars. For those wishing to travel by car are advised to follow the route along the Western road axis North-South, from the DRC border with Namibia (Santa Clara): Uige – Caxito – Porto Amboim-Luanda-Sumbe – Benguela – Cacula – Lubango – Cahama – Ondjiva-Santa Clara.

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