Macedonia

       
Monuments of Macedonian revolutionaries Goce Delcev and Dame Gruev on Macedonia Square in Skopje.

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officially the Republic of Macedonia is a country located in the central Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. It is one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, from which it declared independence in 1991. It became a member of the United Nations in 1993 but, as a result of a dispute with Greece over its name, it was admitted under the provisional reference of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, sometimes abbreviated as FYROM. A landlocked country, the Republic of Macedonia is bordered by Kosovo[a] to the northwest, Serbia to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south and Albania to the west. It constitutes approximately the northwestern half of the larger geographical region of Macedonia, which also comprises parts of Greece and Bulgaria. The country's capital is Skopje, with 506,926 inhabitants according to a 2002 census. Other cities include Bitola, Kumanovo, Prilep, Tetovo, Ohrid, Veles, Štip, Kočani, Gostivar and Strumica. It has more than 50 lakes and sixteen mountains higher than 2,000 m (6,562 ft). Macedonia is a member of the UN and the Council of Europe. Since December 2005 it has also been a candidate for joining the European Union and has applied for NATO membership.

Capital SKOPJE
Currency Denaro macedone
Country code 00389
Spoken languages ​​ Macedonian
Passport

Passport/valid identity card needed for border crossing. You need your Passport with validity of at least three months residual or valid identity card needed for border crossing (October 3, 2008 citizens of EU countries and the countries that are signatories of the Schengen Agreement may come into Macedonia with a valid identity card needed for border crossing). EU citizens to enter the country are required to fill out a form on which will be affixed stamp entry and within 48 hours to register at a police station if staying at private (in the case of hotel registration is automatic). For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

public healthcare is very lacking. Air pollution in Skopje is high due to unfiltered exhaust gas. The lack of purifiers for discharges into rivers and insufficient landfills cause the risk of a possible pollution of aquifers across much of the country. In view of the frequency of limited air connections, we recommend that you take out, before embarking on your trip, health insurance include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer to another Country.

Telephony

The GSM network covers almost the entire territory and most of the city.

Climate

Continental climate with cold winters and temperatures that can drop to -15 degrees; Summers are warm with temperatures can exceed 40 degrees.

Viability

Licence Italian licence accepted for 6 months. Foreign insurances accepted The green card is required in Italy. Delegation to conduct Remember those driving abroad, a car that is not advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. Driving rules The radar detectors are prohibited. The newly patented cannot drive between 23.00 and 05.00 except that there is a patent on the car of 25 years. The newly patented cannot gidare motorcycle with a cylinder capacity exceeding 25 kW (34 HP) and vehicles exceeding 75 kW (102 HP). Compulsory equipment Helmets for motorcyclists: required. Safety belts, child seat: it is compulsory to wear seatbelts or travel on the front seats on the rear ones (the latter obligation exists if they are provided). Children under 12 years may travel only on the rear seats. Triangle: any motor vehicle (more than two wheels), including vehicles registered abroad, must have supplied the hazard warning triangle. Vehicles with trailers, as well as the last motor vehicle in a convoy, must have two triangles. When a vehicle is immobilized on the roadway, the triangle should be placed behind the vehicle to a minimum distance of 50 m. Rope for towing of the vehicle: mandatory. Lights: all motor vehicles in circulation should have the lights on both day and night. Spare bulbs Set: required on board the vehicle. Cassette: compulsory first aid aboard all vehicles with more than two wheels. Reflective vest is mandatory on roads at night or in poor visibility. Fire extinguisher: recommended. Snow chains Every year, between November 15 and March 15, on the roads, all motor vehicles not exceeding 3.5 tonnes shall be fitted with deicing equipment, as follows: -the vehicle must be equipped with snow tires on all wheels with grooves of at least 4 mm; -If the vehicle has the snowchains, tyre can be the summer tyre with grooves of at least 4 mm. Highways The main road E75 runs along the North-South Thessaloniki-Gevgelija (border with Greece)-Skopje Tabanovce (border with Serbia-Montenegro)-Belgrade; the section that runs through the FYROM is almost full. Another important link runs along the East-West Sofia-Kriva Palanka (border with Bulgaria)-Skopje-Tetovo-Ohrid, in part. Conditions of paved roads are satisfactory, with some exceptions within cities. On motorways (total 145 km) is due, payable at a toll barrier, only in cash.

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