Lithuania

       
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is a country in Northern Europe, the largest of the three Baltic states. It is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, whereby to the west lie Sweden and Denmark. It borders Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and a Russian exclave (Kaliningrad Oblast) to the southwest. Lithuania has an estimated population of 3.2 million as of 2011, and its capital and largest city is Vilnius. The Lithuanians are a Baltic people, and the official language, Lithuanian, is one of only two living languages (together with Latvian) in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family. For centuries, the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea was inhabited by various Baltic tribes. In the 1230s the Lithuanian lands were united by Mindaugas, who was crowned as King of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the first Lithuanian state, on 6 July 1253. During the 14th century, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was the largest country in Europe: present-day Belarus, Ukraine, and parts of Poland and Russia were territories of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. With the Lublin Union of 1569, Lithuania and Poland formed a voluntary two-state union, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth lasted more than two centuries, until neighboring countries systematically dismantled it from 1772 to 1795, with the Russian Empire annexing most of Lithuania's territory. In the aftermath of World War I, Lithuania's Act of Independence was signed on 16 February 1918, declaring the re-establishment of a sovereign state. Starting in 1940, Lithuania was occupied first by the Soviet Union and then by Nazi Germany. As World War II neared its end in 1944 and the Germans retreated, the Soviet Union reoccupied Lithuania. On 11 March 1990, the year before the break-up of the Soviet Union, Lithuania became the first Soviet republic to declare independence. Prior to the global financial crisis of 2007–2010, Lithuania had one of the fastest growing economies in the European Union. Lithuania is a member of NATO, the Council of Europe, and the European Union. Lithuania is also a full member of the Schengen Agreement. The United Nations Human Development Index lists Lithuania as a "Very High Human Development" country. In 2011, Lithuania hosted the European men's basketball championship, EuroBasket 2011, and the OSCE Ministerial Council Meeting.

Capital VILNIUS
Currency Litas (LTL)
Country code 00370
Spoken languages ​​ Lithuanian
Passport

Passport/valid identity card valid for expatriation. From December 21, 2007 the country is entered in the Schengen area: after the land border controls were eliminated even airport controls. The village forms part of the EU since 1 May 2004. It is however necessary to travel with the passport or identity card valid for expatriation. The aforementioned documents must have a residual validity over time. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

The quality of health facilities and the availability of medicines are on the whole adequate. For surgical procedure is not adviseable to hospitals, Austrian German or Scandinavian (within one and a half hour flight). Italian citizens who travel temporarily (for tourism, business, study or work) in the country (Member State of the European Union) can receive necessary medical care provided by local public health care if they have the European health insurance card (TEAM), so-called health card. The TEAM replaces the previous models E110, E111, E128 and E119 and is being distributed by the Ministry of economy and finance. Those who had not yet been received to its ASL can contact and ask for the "provisional replacement certificate".

Telephony

the cellular network is active throughout the country. Prepaid SIM cards are on sale at several telephone companies. You can use appliances that operate on GSM or NMT network. In Lithuania it is allowed the use of phones in cars and mobile phones.

Climate

The Lithuanian continental climate is cool, with an average temperature of -4° C in winter (but can reach up to -20° C), and a summer of +18° c.

Viability

Licence Italiana. Car insurance Obligatory civil liability insurance. Strongly recommended to all motorists visitors to have an insurance "casko". The Italian insurance is also valid in Lithuania. Please note that all those wishing to travel in the country with its own means (cars, motorcycles, RVs), or with a half took rental, they shall be accompanied by documents (driver's license, identity movement etc.). Delegation to conduct: Remember those driving abroad, a car that is not advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. Driving rules Since 1 July 2007 is introduced in Lithuania a payment system to "vignette" for road transport of people and things on the primary national road network. The cartoons may be purchased from the service areas and other places indicated by signs. Compulsory equipment Helmets for motorcyclists: mandatory for driver and passenger. Safety belts: required wear a seat belt for the driver and the passenger occupying the front seat. Children under 12 years of age cannot travel on the front seats if installed in a restraint system appropriate to their size. Triangle: required. Cassette: compulsory first aid aboard all motor vehicles. Fire extinguisher: required on all motor vehicles. Lights: all motor vehicles must have the lights on day and night all year round. Reflective vest compulsory on board. Winter equipment snow tyres mandatory from 1 November to 1 April, the same time spike tires are allowed. Alcohol in blood Limit allowed: 0.04% Tracking tests: the police can ask a driver to submit to the test alcolimetrico.

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