Liberia

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It is bordered by Sierra Leone on the west, Guinea on the north and Côte d'Ivoire on the east. Liberia's coastline is composed of mostly mangrove forests while the more sparsely populated inland consists of forests that open to a plateau of drier grasslands. The country possesses 40% of the remaining Upper Guinean rainforest. Liberia has a hot equatorial climate, with significant rainfall during the May to October rainy season and harsh harmattan winds the remainder of the year. Liberia covers an area of 111,369 km2 (43,000 sq mi) and is home to about 5 million people. English is the official language, while over 30 indigenous languages are spoken within the country. Along with Ethiopia, Liberia is one of the two modern countries in Sub-Saharan Africa without roots in the European colonization of Africa. Beginning in 1820, the region was colonized by freed American slaves with the help of the American Colonization Society, a private organization that believed ex-slaves would have greater freedom and equality in Africa. Slaves freed from slave ships were also sent there instead of being repatriated to their countries of origin. In 1847, these colonists founded the Republic of Liberia, establishing a government modeled on that of the United States and naming the capital city Monrovia after James Monroe, the fifth president of the United States and a prominent supporter of the colonization. The colonists, known as Americo-Liberians, led the political and economic sectors of the country. The country began to modernize in the 1940s following investment by the United States during World War II and economic liberalization under President William Tubman. Liberia was a founding member of the United Nations and the Organization of African Unity. A military coup overthrew the Americo-Liberian leadership in 1980, marking the beginning of political and economic instability and two successive civil wars that left approximately 250,000 people dead and devastated the country's economy. A 2003 peace deal led to democratic elections in 2005. Today, Liberia is recovering from the lingering effects of the civil war and related economic dislocation, with about 85% of the population living below the international poverty line.

Capital MONROVIA
Currency Dollaro liberiano LRD
Country code 00231
Spoken languages ​​ English and local dialects
Passport

Passport: needed, with residual validity of at least six months upon arrival in the country. For any changes to this rule, we recommend that you inquire beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent. During your stay you must have with you an identity document with photo, which can be requested by the police at any time.

Health

The health situation is extremely sensitive to the effects of civil war that have plagued the country. The health facilities are almost non-existent and inadequate. In case of medical or emergency surgery is absolutely recommended the evacuation of the patient to another country or repatriation. Therefore it is absolutely necessary to conclude, before embarking on your trip, health insurance, as well as providing coverage of medical expenses, even if air emergency medical repatriation or transfer in any other country. Endemic diseases are numerous, though shortly urban spread. Are very high risks of contracting yellow fever, tetanus, tuberculosis, typhoid, hepatitis and meningitis. Malaria is spread over the entire territory and in some cases is particularly severe and resistant to chlorine quinine. You should, after consulting a doctor, an anti-malarial even if not efficient in all cases and to take all necessary precautionary measures. You should also adopt, while staying in the country, preventive measures against mosquito bites shown under the heading "FOCUS" on the home page of this site. Also recommended, after consulting a doctor, vaccinations against meningitis, cholera, typhoid, tetanus, tuberculosis, hepatitis A and b. Widespread HIV/AIDS, especially among the young population and urban environments. In the case of abrasions or cuts it is recommended that you do a thorough disinfection with mercury chrome or another disinfectant. There are few pharmacies and, typically, no medicines. We recommend that you carry a stock of medicines for emergencies and for specific pathologies which are both suffering. You may also want to: -make use of repellents; -wear clothes that cover most of the body; -staying in places equipped with mosquito nets etc.; -sanitation measures and food; -make use of cooked meat, vegetables and fruit well washed and disinfected; -drinking water and bottled drinks, without adding ice.

Telephony

the public cellular network is active in major cities.

Climate

typically tropical, with a high percentage of moisture (90-95%) during the rainy season (May to October). Monrovia, located on the coast, is one of Africa's most humid, and temperatures never exceed 33 degrees. Temperatures are slightly higher in the interior parts of the country. Due to the tropical climate, we recommend light clothing in natural fabrics (linen, cotton).

Viability

Licence For the recognition of driving licences must perform the formalities Italian local, otherwise the national driving licence must be accompanied by an international driving licence (also recognised mod. Vienna 1968). Car insurance Compulsory civil liability. Documents for vehicles imported temporarily It is necessary the Customs passage booklet

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Languages: English - Italiano

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