Beirut

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is a country in the East Mediterranean. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east, and Israel to the south. Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland has dictated its rich history, and shaped a cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity. The earliest evidence of civilization in Lebanon dates back more than 7,000 years—predating recorded history. Lebanon was the home of the Phoenicians, a maritime culture that flourished for nearly 2,500 years (3000–539 BC). Following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire after World War I, the five provinces that comprise modern Lebanon were mandated to France. The French expanded the borders of Mount Lebanon, which was mostly populated by Maronite Catholics and Druze, to include more Muslims. Lebanon gained independence in 1943, and established a unique political system, known as confessionalism, a power-sharing mechanism based on religious communities – Bechara El Khoury who became independent Lebanon's first President and Riad El-Solh, who became Lebanon's first prime minister, are considered the founders of the modern Republic of Lebanon and are national heroes for having led the country's independence. French troops withdrew from Lebanon in 1946. Before the Lebanese Civil War (1975–1990), the country experienced a period of relative calm and prosperity, driven by tourism, agriculture, and banking. Because of its financial power and diversity, Lebanon was known in its heyday as the "Switzerland of the East". It attracted large numbers of tourists, such that the capital Beirut was referred to as "Paris of the Middle East." At the end of the war, there were extensive efforts to revive the economy and rebuild national infrastructure. Until July 2006, Lebanon enjoyed considerable stability, Beirut's reconstruction was almost complete, and increasing numbers of tourists poured into the nation's resorts. Then, the month-long 2006 war between Israel and Lebanon caused significant civilian death and heavy damage to Lebanon's civil infrastructure. Due to its tightly regulated financial system and the highest gold reserve in the Middle East, Lebanese banks largely avoided the financial crisis of 2007–2010. In 2009, despite a global recession, Lebanon enjoyed 9% economic growth and hosted the largest number of tourists in its history; however, by 2011, economic growth had slowed to below average for the region. Lebanon is known for its unique efforts in the Middle East to guarantee civil rights and freedom to its citizens, ranking first in the Middle East and 26th worldwide (out of 66 countries) in the The World Justice Project's Rule of Law Index 2011.

Capital BEIRUT
Currency Lira libanese LBP
Country code 00961
Spoken languages ​​ Arabic, French, English
Passport

Passport: needed with residual validity of at least six months. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

The health situation in General is good. There are no endemic diseases and there are no mandatory vaccinations for those coming from Europe. The private hospitals are generally good, but the medical services are very costly. For admissions in cases of urgency, it is necessary to present a document certifying an insurance coverage or pay for the service in advance. It is recommended, therefore, to conclude, before embarking on your trip, health insurance in addition to providing medical expenses also cover eventual repatriation medical air or transfer in any other country.

Climate mild Mediterranean climate almost all year round, with high humidity. Winter is rainy in the coastal area and in a mountainous area there is snowfall. There are some ski resorts open from January to March.
Viability

Visitor with car. It's called the "carnet de passage en douane" for vehicles imported temporarily Entry into the country with the car still has some drawbacks for the complexity of the procedure to be followed and the times, rather long to complete their paperwork. In particular, those who intend to enter Lebanon with a motor car shall provide a bank guarantee, issued by a bank in Lebanon in favour of "head of the Lebanese Customs Service" of the border. This guarantee, depending on the type and value of the vehicle, on the order of 5-10 million Lebanese pounds (4-8 thousand dollars) and is returned at the time of removal of the car from Lebanese territory. The inbound tourists in the country with its vehicles must park your car in the "Parking" of frontier customs area, enter Lebanon through other means and obtain such guarantee at a bank. Alternatively, the amount due can be paid directly at the frontier post that will release a receipt of payment. This option implies, however, the need to leave the country by the same border from which came the admission, in order to withdraw the sum left in deposit. Car insurance: insurance against third parties is not mandatory. It is advisable to sign a contract with a local insurance even if the car is insured abroad and has a green card.

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