Kenya

       
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is a country in East Africa that lies on the equator. With the Indian Ocean to its south-east, it is bordered by Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east. Kenya has a land area of 580,000 km2 and a population of nearly 41 million, representing 42 different peoples and cultures. The country is named after Mount Kenya, a significant landmark and second among Africa's highest mountain peaks. Following a referendum and adoption of a new constitution in August 2010, Kenya is now divided into 47 counties that are semi-autonomous units of governance. These units are expected to be fully implemented by August 2012 – in time for the first general election under the new constitution. The counties will be governed by elected governors and will operate independent of the central government in Nairobi. The country's geography is as diverse as its multi-ethnic population. It has a warm and humid climate along its coastline on the Indian Ocean which changes to wildlife-rich savannah grasslands moving inland towards the capital Nairobi. Nairobi has a cool climate that gets colder approaching Mount Kenya, which has three permanently snow-capped peaks. The warm and humid tropical climate reappears further inland towards lake Victoria, before giving way to temperate forested and hilly areas in the western region. The North Eastern regions along the border with Somalia and Ethiopia are arid and semi-arid areas with near-desert landscapes. The country also has significant geothermal activity that puts a lot of electricity in the national grid. Kenya's capital city, Nairobi, is situated next to a national park. The country is famous for its safaris and diverse world-famous wildlife reserves such as Tsavo National Park, the Maasai Mara, Nakuru National Park, and Aberdares National Park that attract tourists from all over the world. Lake Victoria, the world's second largest fresh-water lake (after Lake Superior in the US and Canada) and the world's largest tropical lake, is situated to the southwest and is shared with Uganda and Tanzania. As part of East Africa, Kenya has seen human habitation since the Lower Paleolithic period. The Bantu expansion reached the area by the first millennium AD, and the borders of the modern state comprise the crossroads of the Niger–Congo, Nilo-Saharan, and Afro-Asiatic linguistic areas of Africa, making Kenya a truly multi-cultural state. European and Arab presence in Mombasa dates to the Early Modern period, but European exploration of the interior began only in the 19th century. The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, known from 1920 as the Kenya Colony. The independent Republic of Kenya was founded in December 1963. The capital, Nairobi, is a regional commercial hub. The economy of Kenya is the largest by GDP in East and Central Africa. Agriculture is a major employer and the country traditionally exports tea and coffee, and more recently fresh flowers to Europe. The service industry is a major economic driver, mostly the telecommunications sector, and contributes 62 percent of GDP. Kenya is a member of the East African Community and produces world-class athletes such as world champions Paul Tergat, David Rudisha, and Vivian Cheruiyot.

Capital NAIROBI
Currency Scellino kenyota (KES o Ksh)
Country code 00254
Spoken languages ​​ English, kiswahili
Passport

Passport: needed, with residual validity of at least six months at the time of the request. We must also be in possession of a roundtrip airfare. The entry into the country shall be a stamp in their passport, which shows the length of stay. We recommend to tourists to declare the actual period of stay in Kenya and to check the stamp affixed to the Passport; the extension of the stay can be extended only at the offices responsible for immigration. The penalties for non-observance of this procedure can arrive to arrest. To enter Kenya passport must have at least one entire blank page, in order to affix the visa. Otherwise, travelers may not be accepted in the country and returning to Italy with the first flight. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent.

Health

The cost of treatment at European level and any sanitary repatriations are very high. We recommend, therefore, before embarking on the journey of health insurance that provides in addition to the coverage of medical expenses, even the eventual repatriation and/or transfer of emergency in other country. The main endemic diseases present in Kenya are: amebiasis, intestinal parasitosis, giardia, typhoid, hepatitis A, cholera, malaria and schigellosi. Endemic diseases are one of the rarest bilharzia and trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness). Malaria is present in coastal zone areas next to Lake Victoria and in some parks, especially during the rainy season (March-June, October-November) and immediately after. It is recommended in any case, behind medical opinion, a preventive prophylaxis and, if it were to manifest symptoms such as high fever, bone pain or influence in General, contact immediately the local doctors for any specific antimalarial therapy and avoiding resort to generic antibiotics. The incidence of HIV infection (AIDS) is high throughout the country. Warnings In order to prevent gastro-intestinal infections we recommend: -do not eat raw food, in the hotels and restaurants; -drink only bottled drinks or filtered water, without adding ice; -avoid buying food from stalls on the street.

Climate

There are two wet seasons: March to may (major rains) and from October to December (small rain); the rains have intermittent character. The hottest season generally runs from January to April; on the coast there is a hot climate even in September and October. The thermal excursion on the plateau is pretty high.

Viability

Drivers License: International. RC: car insurance, temporary available on arrival (at agencies in port if arrival is via ship or at other insurance companies or an Office of AA in Kenya if arriving by land) Documents for vehicles imported temporarily The carnet is required by Customs passage for vehicles imported temporarily. More information on the site www.aci.it/index.php?id=2090 Alternatively you have to pay a deposit equal to the amount of customs duties. International airports: Nairobi, Mombasa, Eldoret; domestic payments are: Malindi, Lamu, Kisumu, Lockichoggio. Transport in General: there is a direct air link between Rome and Nairobi, three days a week, operated in partnership between Alitalia and Kenya Airways. Other air connections are possible via Addis Ababa with Ethiopian Airlines "," with "Egyptair Cairo, via Amsterdam with" KLM "and" Kenya Airways ", via Brussels with" SN Brussels ", via London with" British Airways ", and" Kenya Airways ", Swiss via Zurich with" Air ", via Istanbul with" Turkish Airlines ", via Doha by Qatar Airlines" and "via Dubai with Emirates." "

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