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is a parliamentary republic in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It borders Lebanon in the north, Syria in the northeast, Jordan and the West Bank in the east, Egypt and the Gaza Strip on the southwest, and the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea to the south, and it contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area. Israel is defined as a Jewish and Democratic State in its Basic Laws and is the world's only Jewish-majority state. Following the 1947 United Nations plan to partition Palestine, on 14 May 1948 David Ben-Gurion, the Executive Head of the World Zionist Organization and president of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, declared Israel a state independent from the British Mandate for Palestine. Neighboring Arab states invaded the next day in support of the Palestinian Arabs. Israel has since fought several wars with neighboring Arab states, in the course of which it has occupied the West Bank, Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip and the Golan Heights. Portions of these territories, including east Jerusalem, have been annexed by Israel, but the border with the neighboring West Bank has not yet been permanently defined. Israel has signed peace treaties with Egypt and Jordan, but efforts to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict have so far not resulted in peace. Israel's financial centre is Tel Aviv, while Jerusalem is the country's most populous city, and its de facto capital (although not recognized internationally as such). The population of Israel, defined by the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics to include all citizens or nationals, but not foreign workers, within Israel itself and in the Israeli settlements in the occupied territories, was estimated in 2012 to be 7,848,800 people, of whom 5,909,000 are Jewish. Arabs form the country's second-largest ethnic group, the great majority of whom are settled-Muslims. Smaller minorities include Negev Bedouins, Druze, Christians, Circassians and Samaritans. At the end of 2005, 93% of the Arab population of East Jerusalem had permanent residency and 5% had Israeli citizenship. Israel is a developed country, an OECD member, and a representative democracy with a parliamentary system, proportional representation and universal suffrage. The Prime Minister serves as head of government and the Knesset serves as Israel's unicameral legislative body. Israel has one of the highest life expectancies in the world. The economy, based on the nominal gross domestic product, was the 41st-largest in the world in 2010, with a very high standard of living, which is the highest in the Middle East.

Capital GERUSALEMME
Currency New Israeli Shekel (NIS)
Country code 00972
Spoken languages ​​ Hebrew, Arabic
Passport

Passport: needed with validity of at least six months from the date of entry. For any changes related to the survival of the Passport you should request to be informed beforehand at the Embassy or Consulate of the country present in Italy or at your travel agent. The Israeli authorities do not recognize the Italian collective passport as valid for entry into Israel.

Health

The health situation in General is excellent and the hospital services are good. It is preferable to know English although many local doctors speak Italian. They found cases of meningitis, which affected mainly children. There are also cases of West Nile Fever "especially South of Tel Aviv and in the Golan Heights. In Israel they have reported some cases of "swine" flu. For information and updates on the "swine" flu (H1N1 virus) and tips for travelers, are invited to consult the "Focus" on the home page of this site, or your ASL, or your doctor. You should, finally, to conclude, before embarking on your trip, health insurance to include, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country.

Telephony

the whole country is covered by the GSM network

Climate

Mediterranean with thermal excursion between day and night: warm humid during the summer, mild in winter.

Viability

Licence You can move with the Italian driving licence up to a maximum of 3 months from the arrival in the country, with their car. To drive a rental vehicle it is recommended that the international driving licence (Vienna model 68) Car insurance The green card is valid when the name Israel or the initials on the document explicitly appear. Mandatory minimum compulsory insurance: insurance with unlimited guarantee. Short-term insurance: you can take out a short-term insurance upon arrival. Delegation to conduct No special permit is required when you import a vehicle registered on behalf of a third party. However a vehicle temporarily imported shall be driven in Israel only by the owner or a joint. Will be led by others only if the importer or his spouse is on board. Driving rules Lights out of town between 1 November and 31 March. 0.05% blood alcohol content limit: Compulsory Equipment Helmets for motorcyclists, seat belts, child seat and rear retro-reflectors, triangle. Highways There is only one toll motorway (No. 6), between Ein Tut to the North and Kiryat Gat, South Ports: Haifa, Ashdod, Eilat. Airports: Ben Gurion-Lod (International), Tel Aviv, Haifa, Eilat

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Languages: English - Italiano

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