Iceland

       
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It is a Nordic European island country in the North Atlantic Ocean, on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The country has a population of about 320,000 and a total area of 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq mi). The capital and the largest city is Reykjavík, with the surrounding areas in the southwestern region of the country being home to two-thirds of the country's population. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active. The interior mainly consists of a plateau characterised by sand fields, mountains and glaciers, while many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle. According to Landnámabók, the settlement of Iceland began in AD 874 when the chieftain Ingólfur Arnarson became the first permanent Norse settler on the island. Others had visited the island earlier and stayed over winter. Over the following centuries, Norsemen settled Iceland, bringing with them slaves of Gaelic origin. From 1262 to 1918 Iceland was part of the Norwegian and later the Danish monarchies. Until the 20th century, the Icelandic population relied largely on fisheries and agriculture. Industrialisation of the fisheries and Marshall Aid brought prosperity in the years after World War II. In 1994, Iceland became party to the European Economic Area, which made it possible for the economy to diversify into economic and financial services. Iceland has a free market economy with relatively low taxes compared to other OECD countries, while maintaining a Nordic welfare system providing universal health care and tertiary education for its citizens. In recent years, Iceland has been one of the wealthiest and most developed nations in the world. In 2011, it was ranked as the 14th most developed country in the world by the United Nations' Human Development Index, and the fourth most productive country per capita. In 2008, political unrest occurred as the nation's entire banking system systemically failed. Icelandic culture is founded upon the nation's Norse heritage. Most Icelanders are descendants of Norse (particularly from Western Norway) and Gaelic settlers. Icelandic, a North Germanic language, is closely related to Faroese and some West Norwegian dialects. The country's cultural heritage includes traditional Icelandic cuisine, poetry, and the medieval Icelanders' sagas. Currently, Iceland has the smallest population among NATO members and is the only one with no standing army.

Capital REYKJAVIK
Currency Corona islandese (ISK)
Country code 00354
Spoken languages ​​ Icelandic, English
Passport

Passport/valid identity card needed for border crossing: while not adhering to the EU, since 2001 the Iceland part of the Schengen area. Travel documents and accepted recognition are your passport or identity card valid for foreign travel, which must be valid for the entire period of stay in Iceland.

Health

The level of local health structures is generally very good. Readily available regular sanitary products. No vaccinations are required or special precautions. Italian citizens who travel temporarily (for tourism, business, study or work) in Iceland, may receive health care from the national health system if they have the European health insurance card (TEAM) Calling Card. The TEAM replaces the previous models E110, E111, E128 and E119 and is being distributed by the Ministry of economy and finance. For more information you should consult your own SLA or the website of the Ministry of health. We recommend that, before embarking on your trip, take out insurance which involves, in addition to the coverage of medical costs, including any return air health or transfer in any other country.

Telephony

mobile telephony is in effect the GSM system that, through four operators, covers most of the country and all areas with at least 200 inhabitants.

Climate

Cool but mild thanks to the influence of the Gulf stream in the southern and Western regions. Climate varies with frequent rainfall, even in the summer season. Milder along the coast, inland cold. It is recommended to equip themselves for every situation. Medium to Reykjavik (min-max): winter: -2/+8/+2: +14 degrees.

Viability

Licence Italiana. Car insurance The Italian is valid. Documents for vehicles imported temporarily A visitor can import temporarily a vehicle registered abroad without passing through customs carnet on condition of having resided abroad in the previous 12 months. To import just the national certificate of registration and a valid insurance for Iceland. Upon his arrival, the importer must fill a form called "declaration for temporary duty-free importation of a motor vehicle/vessel". The Customs authorities shall issue a temporary permit to the importer that he may circulate free of rights and duties for a month. At the end of this period, the importer must choose whether to pay fees and charges or whether to export the vehicle. A vehicle registered abroad with diesel engine must pay a tax on the weight for each week spent in Iceland. The minimum fee for a vehicle of a maximum weight of 1,000 kg is 3,151 Cr. .. per week. Remember those abroad help a car does not own that it is advisable to have a delegation to conduct of the owner with a notary certified signature at. Driving rules Low-beam headlamps switched on even during the day. Guide to the right, overtake on the left. Compulsory equipment For the driver and passenger of a motorcycle is mandatory to wear a helmet for protection. Safety belts, child seat It is mandatory to wear seat belts on both front seats and rear ones on both cars. Children should wear a seat belt or be secured to a Chair. Triangle All vehicles must be fitted with triangle and emergency lights. Lighthouses The fog lights (white or yellow) can be used in case of fog, snow or rain, but only at the same time as the rear position. You must keep your low beam lit both day and night. It is forbidden to circulate with the only position lamps. Other The collective transport vehicles shall be equipped with a first aid kit and a fire extinguisher which are recommended for other vehicles. Alcohol in blood The blood alcohol limit of 0.5 is allowed per thousand. Tracking Test The rules relating to driving under the influence of alcohol are very strict. The police has the right to refer any driver breath test. Blood tests are carried out in health centres. A driver whose blood alcohol content exceeds the rate of 0.5 per mille is punishable by a fine, with disqualification from driving. VEHICLES/GUIDE • Documents: driving licence and libretto by circulation (the green card is not required). • Scrupulously alcohol driving levels. The allowable rate is 0.5 per thousand and is equivalent to a single glass of wine. • Scrupulously Respect speed limits (50 km/h in towns, 80 km/h on the roads of crushed stone and 90 km/h on paved ones). • Required travel with the low beam lights, even during daylight hours. • Mandatory fasten seat belts on the front seats and, if installed, even on the rear ones. • Mandatory helmets for motorcycles. • Observe carefully the use of approved child seats for children. • Make sure that the vehicle is fitted with appropriate tires depending on the season (normal, snow without snow with nails, nails. The use of tires with spikes is permitted from 15 November to 30 April). • It is forbidden to use manual phone while driving. Keep in mind that liability insurance only covers damage caused to third parties and not those suffered by their cars. In Iceland in particular, this insurance does not cover damage caused by water of Fords and generally to the chassis in off-road situations. Evaluate the opportunity to conclude, for all vehicles, including camper and caravan, optional insurance, kasko, additional type to unprovoked by other accidents, theft, vandalism, etc. For information on roads and traffic you can consult the website of the Icelandic Road www.vegagerdin.is/english. Internal links: consider low population density, large distances and the climate, particularly during the winter months, the country's most widely-used means of transport for the internal displacement is the plane. Some links are also insured by ferries, and for smaller distances, by coach. In Iceland there is no train network. Links with Europe: Icelandic airlines Icelandair and Iceland Express provides links to some of the major European cities, including Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Frankfurt, London and Paris.

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